國小學童課後進行環境活動之探討─以時間運用調查

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2009

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本研究目的在探討國小學童之環境活動現況。研究者使用時間運用調查,以自行發展之問卷,再透過立意取樣之方式,選取基隆市8所學校五年級198位學生為研究對象進行施測,回收之有效樣本數為108份,有效問卷之回收率為54.5%。資料回收後利用獨立樣本t考驗、單因子變異數、相依樣本t檢定等統計方法加以分析。研究結果如下: 一、學童課後時間最常進行之環境活動,依序為間接經驗活動、直接經驗活動、替代性經驗活動。 二、學童進行之環境活動時間使用量,在週間,間接經驗活動時間量最高;在週末,以直接經驗活動時間量最高。 三、各項環境活動的時間使用量在不同背景變項下,僅有部分顯著的差異。 四、學童課後進行環境活動,其共同進行活動的夥伴依序為:家人、寵物、獨自一人、朋友。家人是學童進行環境活動時最重要的夥伴。 五、不同背景之學童在課後進行課業學習活動,及其使用電子媒體時間,均高於直接接觸自然環境活動之時間總和。
This study aims to find out the environmental activities among elementary school students with time ues survey. Questionnaires were developed and then used in a survey covering 198 students from 5th grade in 8 elemtary schools in Keelung in Taiwan, and 108 were data sample.Theses samples were selected by using the purposive sampling methods.The data obtained were analyzed using a variety of statistical methods including indepent sampling t-test, one-way ANOVA, and paried-samples t-test.The main findings include the following: 1.According to the research, the common environmental activities for students are indirect, direct, vicarious experiences. 2.As for environmental activities time,most students spand time on indirect experiences during weekdays.Most students spand time on direct experiences during weekend. 3.There are only few differences of environmental activities time in the students with different backgrounds. 4.As for the partners of environmental activities,they are family members, pets, alone, friends. Family members play the most improtant role. 5.The time among students with different backgrounds on studying and media is more than on contacting nature. Keywords: after school, environmental activities, time use survey

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課後時間, 環境活動, 時間運用調查, after school, environmental activities, time use survey

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