澎湖吉貝嶼石滬社區的里海精神與內涵分析 The Satoumi Spirit of Jibei Stone-Weirs Community in Penghu Archipelago

Date
2021
Authors
吳佩青
Wu, Pei-Cing
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Abstract
2006年由聯合國高等研究所(UNUIAS)與日本環境省共同進行里山-里海評估研究,產出一套理論架構、科學方法和實徵研究結果,此為2010年里山倡議所依據,而在2010年底,里山倡議也引入臺灣,在林務局、學界等大力輔助下,里山倡議在臺灣蓬勃發展,更於2013年第四屆里山倡議國際夥伴網絡會議(IPSI-4)中榮獲IPSI秘書處事務局長獎,由此可見臺灣里山潛力已為國際所認同。 但在臺灣各地推動里山倡議之時,對於里海卻甚少人提及。臺灣四面環海,海岸線長達1,141公里,海洋疆域範圍更達18萬平方公里,相較於臺灣的山地、丘陵面積總和2萬5千平方公里,海洋帶來的資源、影響應遠勝於陸地,且臺灣周圍寒暖流交會,擁有豐富的海洋資源,自古漁業便深深影響居民生活方式,因此筆者認為在臺灣推動里山倡議之時,我們更不能忘本,山、川、海本是一體,對於海洋民族國家來說,如何保護、保存海洋,維持永續生計,應為重要課題。為此筆者將以日本學者柳哲雄教授所提出之“里海”作為論點,分析澎湖吉貝嶼石滬社區所擁有之里海精神,闡述一套專屬吉貝石滬的里海內涵,做為日後臺灣漁村以里海精神發展之依據。   本研究將以文獻分析法分析日本里海案例,初步選定為瀨戶內海、能登半島與石垣島,理出里海脈絡與框架,同時整理吉貝嶼石滬社區發展之歷史、社會文化,並以此框架分析吉貝嶼石滬社區,輔以實地訪談了解當地人與海洋-石滬-人之環境互動方式,將理論框架與實地資料相結合,分析出吉貝嶼石滬社區之里海精神與內涵。本研究之預期成果為分析出吉貝嶼石滬社區之人海依存、共存共榮與永續生計精神,並納於日本里海框架下,進一步添入當地里海元素,成為臺灣澎湖吉貝嶼的里海精神。
In 2006, United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies and the Ministry of the Environment of Japan conducted collaborative research on Satoyama Satoumi Assessment, and found the theoretical structure, scientific method and the results of empirical research. It is the basis of Satoyama Initiative in 2010. Nowadays, the potential of Taiwan Satoyama has been internationally acknowledged. However, when Satoyama Initiative was facilitated everywhere in Taiwan, Satoumi, which has more influence than Satoyama does, was rarely mentioned. Actually, there are cold and warm currents around Taiwan and Taiwan embraces abundant marine resources. It has been influencing the fishery industry since before. Thus, the way to preserve, conserve and maintain the marine environment is rather important. This research will analyze the case of Japan Satoumi through Document Analysis. It aims to find the context of Satoumi and recognize its historical and cultural development. Besides, the interaction between people and the environment will also be discussed as well. The Satoumi spirit of Taiwan’s Jibei is expected to be established through this research.
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里海, 石滬, 永續生計, 永續發展, satoumi, stone-weir, sustainable livelihood, sustainable development
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