耳穴貼壓刺激對女大學生運動表現的影響

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2017

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耳穴貼壓為一種利用硬物貼在耳朵穴位上以刺激穴道對身體產生調整、治療、恢復身體機能的一種治療方式。先前的研究發現耳穴刺激能夠降低RPE和血乳酸;能夠在運動後減緩疲勞的功能,此外也能協助調整自律神經作用。目前與運動相關的研究大多著重於短時間立即性的恢復,而探討其對運動表現影響的文獻不多。目的:本研究目的在探討耳穴貼壓刺激對女大學生運動表現的影響。方法:招募12名體育相關科系女大學生為研究對象,以平衡次序法分別進行無耳穴貼壓刺激 (CG)、單次耳穴貼壓刺激 (ASG)、短期耳穴貼壓刺激 (SSG) 的實驗處理,每項次實驗至少間隔七天。實驗過程中受試者將進行30公尺衝刺與5公里跑步,並於按壓前、按壓後、運動恢復期進行乳酸、血糖、LF/HF比值的測量。所得資料以單因子重複量數變異數及二因子重複量數變異數分析進行相關考驗。結果:(一)耳穴貼壓刺激能明顯提升女大生的30公尺衝刺表現 (p< .05),但無法明顯改變女大生5公里跑步成績 (p> .05)。 (二)耳穴貼壓刺激能使女大生30公尺衝刺後恢復期的乳酸較快排除 (p < .05),但對5公里跑步則沒有明顯影響 (p> .05)。結論:耳穴貼壓刺激能有效提升30公尺衝刺表現,同時能提升女大生30公尺衝刺後恢復期乳酸的排除,但其相關機制仍需加以探討。建議未來可適時加以運用,以促進競技運動表現。
Auricular acupressure stimulation is using solid objects attached to stimulate acupuncture points for body adjustment, treatment, or physical function recovery. Previous studies had found that ear acupoint stimulation could reduce the RPE and blood lactate. After exercise-induced fatigue, the auricular point stimulation can improve to keeping autonomic nervous function homeostasis. Recent literatures were mostly focused on immediate recovery for a short time, however the topic of literature was less on athletic performance. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the influences of auricular acupressure stimulation on sport performances in female college students. Methods: Twelve female college students were recruited and finished the 3 experiments by balance sequence. Experiments was including control group (CG), acute auricular acupressure stimulation group (ASG), and short-term auricular acupressure stimulation group (SSG). Both experiments proceed in an interval of one week. The exercise performance challenge test was conducted in 30-meters sprint run, 5-km running, and the blood lactate, blood glucose, and LF/HF ratio were measured among before, after press, and recovery phase. All data were analyzed by one way repeated measure ANOVA and two way repeated measure ANOVA. Results: 1.Auricular acupressure stimulation can significantly enhance the 30-meters sprint performance (p< .05), but not 5-km running performance (p > .05). 2. Auricular acupressure stimulation can significantly make the lactic acid removed rapidly in the recovery after 30 meters sprint (p < .05), but not in 5-km running (p > .05). Conclusion: Auricular acupressure stimulation can effectively improve the performance of 30-meters sprint on female college students, and can significantly make the lactic acid removed rapidly in the recovery after 30-meters sprint. But the relevant mechanisms still needto be discussed. We suggest that can be used in a timely manner to promote the sport performances.

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王不留行籽, 耳穴貼壓, 血乳酸, 運動表現, vaccaria seeds, auricular acupressure, blood lactate, sport performance

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