登山者自然關聯性之探究-以臺灣大專校院登山社團為例

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2014

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環境教育的精神,即建立人與自然相依共存的和諧關係,連結人對自然萬物的認同感與存在意義,進而轉化為親環境行為。「自然關聯性」(Nature Relatedness)為人與自然之間建立關係連結的心理現象,其內涵凿括「自然連結我」(NR-Self)、「自然連結觀」(NR-Perspective)以及「自然連結經驗」(NR-Experience)等三大構陎,分別代表個體在「情意」(affective)、「認知」(cognitive)及「感官體驗」(experiential)上與自然的心理連結向度。 本研究旨在探討登山者的自然關聯性,以 371 位臺灣大專校院登山社團成員為立意抽樣對象,運用自然關聯性量表進行現況調查研究;並依據個人背景及登山經驗等變項,探討自然關聯性之影響因子,以及自然關聯性對於親環境行為的預測力。 研究結果發現,以單因子變異數分析之性別、無痕山林認知、登山資歷、登山頻率及登山偏好等變項,對自然關聯性的差異情形皆達顯著水準,且主要表現在「自然連結經驗」構陎。其次,自然關聯性對於親環境行為亦呈現顯著預測力,可解釋總變異量達 14%,並以「自然連結我」、「自然連結觀」之解釋力最強。 自然關聯性在環境教育中扮演連結自然的重要角色,並間接影響正向環境行為的產生。從研究結果得知,自然關聯性越強的登山者,其親環境行為之表現越佳。純粹登山資歷的累積,主要影響「自然連結經驗」之形成;而親環境行為的主要預測因子──「自然連結我」及「自然連結觀」,則需仰賴環境教育將感官體驗轉化為有意義的學習內涵。
To promote human-nature connection into a harmonious relationship is the core purpose of environmental education. People would practice pro-environmental behaviors if they develop self-identities and affection toward nature. As above, Nature Relatedness(NR) is the concept comprised one’s feelings, thoughts and internalized identification with nature. There are three dimensions of Nature Relatedness scale, including NR-Self, NR-Perspective and NR-Experience, representing the cognitive, affective, and experiential connections toward nature. The main purpose of this research is to employed Nature Relatedness scale, investigating mountaineers’ nature relatedness with the natural environment. Besides, this research attempted to understand how mountaineers’ background and hiking experiences (including hiking seniority, hiking frequency, and hiking preference) affect their nature relatedness, and also attempted to probe the linear relationship between nature relatedness and pro-environmental behavior. Finally, this research examined that whether nature relatedness could be the significant predictor of pro-environmental behavior. This research used online questionnaire survey and purposive sampling method (n=371). The subjects of this research are the members of university mountaineering clubs in Taiwan. The results of t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, correlation and regression for this research indicated as following: 1.University mountaineers’ nature relatedness were significantly predicted to be explained by their background and hiking experiences. 2.The linear relationship between University mountaineers’ nature relatedness and their environmental behaviors were positive and significant. (R=.359, p<.05) 3.University mountaineers’ nature relatedness is the significant predictor of their pro-environmental behaviors. (R²=.140, p<.001)

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自然關聯性, 自然連結我, 自然連結觀, 自然連結經驗, 親環境行為, 大專登山社團, nature relatedness, nature relatedness self, nature relatedness perspective, nature relatedness experience, pro-environmental behavior, university mountaineering clubs

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