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The Study on the Roles of the University and College Presidents and Their Leadership Strategies in the Process of Higher Education of Internationalization
internationalization of higher education
the roles of university and college presidents
leadership strategies of internationalization
In order to response to globalization, internationalization of higher education seems to be an unavoidable trend. University and college presidents as leaders, play critical roles while piloting all the members in institutions toward the goal of internationalization. The purposes of this study were to explore how university and college presidents view their roles, utilizing leadership strategies in the process of higher education of internationalization as well. A case study was applied in this study, and nine public and private university and college presidents were to be research participants. The researcher collected data through interview and document analysis. The conclusions of this study were the following: 1. Internationalization as an integrated and ongoing process contains an agent of organizational innovation. 2. The development of internationalization was quite related to the context and current situation in universities and colleges. 3. Participants consider administrator as the most important, corporate CEO and political leader as the second, as to academician, they have different opinions. 4. The roles of university and college presidents were based on the development stage of internationalization in higher education institutions. 5. The unique roles of university and college presidents were visionary leader, strategic leader, and cultural leader in the internationalization process. 6. There were strong tensions between bureaucratic subsystem and professional subsystem in universities and colleges, which result in presidents’ role conflict. 7. Fund raising and linguistic competencies were important but not necessary conditions for presidents. 8. Leadership strategies of internationalization begin with presidents’ organizational commitments and resolution. 9. International collaboration is hard to maintain, and domestic collaboration needs to be reinforced. 10. The perspectives of faculty members and students on internationalization might cause gaps while implementing it. 11. Internationalization is not only the understanding of cultural diversity and concerns for human beings, but also an evaluation tool which higher education institutions should go with. Keywords: internationalization of higher education, the roles of university and college presidents, leadership strategies of internationalization
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