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National Taiwan Normal University Department of Special Education
This study suggests a method for assisting students with profound and multiple disabilities to overcome their difficulties in mobility through the process of active research. Methods: The participant in this study was a first grade elementary student of a special education school who was diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy, which causes muscle atrophy and muscle weakness throughout the participant’s body, limiting his ability to ambulate and participate in activities within the school. Therefore, we conducted a series of systematic processes to provide the participant with an appropriate assistive device to aid in mobility. This process included evaluations to identify the skills and needs of the participant, modifications of the assistive device to fit the participant’s needs, training sessions in the use of the device, and practice sessions in real-life contexts. Results/ Findings: The results of this study indicated that (1) through the process of action research, a systematic collaboration between professions to provide powered wheelchair services can help students with profound and multiple disabilities overcome difficulties in mobility; (2) the use of a powered wheelchair can help students increase their level of participation within school, and the willingness to explore the environment, motor control abilities, active interactions between peers, awareness of self-determination, level of confidence and self-fulfillment, willingness to express themselves, and life experience; (3) the use of a powered wheelchair can make parents and foreign caregivers have a positive attitude toward the powered wheelchair, learned to let go gradually, and believing in their child; and (4) the use of a powered wheelchair can encourage special educators to reflect on and improve their work, including changes to the environment, the importance of as sistive technology service and parental participation, the struggle between letting go and offering assistance, the dilemma of pul
|Appears in Collections:||特殊教育研究學刊|
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