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Trends in Mathematics and Science Study 2007
|Abstract:||繼TIMSS 1995、TIMSS 1999(TIMSS -R)
International Mathematics and Science
Study 2007, 簡稱TIMSS 2007)。我國目前
TIMSS 2007 的主要調查對象為四年級
TIMSS 2007 從2005 年2 月開始發展研究
調查架構與試題，我國自2005 年4 月開始
加入TIMSS 2007 國際調查工作，包括提供
議等各項工作。其中我國於2006 年4 月
19 日進行試測，實測部分於2007 年5 月
21 日至6 月8 日舉行，國中、小各抽測150
總的來說，在TIMSS 2007 的整體表現
第一。而與TIMSS 2003 的表現相較，我國
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) provides reliable and timely data on the mathematics and science achievement of all the participant countries. Carried out every four years at the fourth and eighth grades, TIMSS data has been collected in 1995, 1999, and 2003. TIMSS 2007 is the fourth in a cycle of internationally comparative assessments purposed to investigate the factors which effect on teaching and learning in mathematics and science for students around the world. The results could provide the participants with information to examine the science and mathematics curriculum and education policies by comparing with other countries. The 4th and 8th graders were two populations investigated in the study of TIMSS 2007. There are 59 countries participated and completed the investigation in this cycle. In Taiwan, the filed test was carried out on April 19, 2006; while as the main survey was processed from May 21 to June 8, 2007. In the main survey, 4131 4th graders from 150 elementary schools and 4046 8th graders from 150 junior high schools were sampled to participate and completed the test in the main survey. Each participant needs to finish the Background Questionnaire and the Achievement Test Booklet. The administrators of sampled schools and both science and math teachers of the sampled classes were surveyed to complete the school questionnaire and teacher questionnaire respectively. Our grade 8 science performance was ranked 2nd among 50 countries, but the data were not significantly different from the 1st place country, Singapore. The performances of science content areas were followed: biology was ranked in 3rd place, chemistry was ranked in 1st place, physics was ranked in 4th place, and earth science was ranked in 1st place. In cognitive domains, knowing was ranked in 2nd place, applying was ranked in 1st place, and reasoning was ranked in 5th place. Our grade 8 mathematics performance was ranked 1st among 50 countries, but the data were no significant different from the 2nd place country and 3rd place country, Korea and Singapore. The performances of mathematics content areas were followed: number was ranked in 3rd place, algebra was ranked in 1st place, geometry was ranked in 1st place, and data and chance was ranked in 4th place. The performance in knowing domain was ranked in 3rd place, applying domain was ranked in 2nd place, and reasoning domain was ranked in 1st place. Our grade 4 science performance was ranked 2nd internationally, and the data were significantly different from the 1st place country, Singapore. The performances of science content areas were followed: life science was ranked in 4th place, physical science was ranked in 3rd place, and earth science was ranked in 3st place. In cognitive domains, the performance in knowing was ranked in 2nd place, applying was ranked in 8th place, and reasoning was ranked in 1st place. Our grade 4 mathematics performance was ranked 3rd internationally, but the data were significantly different from the 1st place country and 2nd place country, Hong Kong and Singapore. The performances of mathematics content areas were followed: number was ranked in 3rd place, geometric shape and measures was ranked in 4th place, and data display was ranked in 4th place. The performance in knowing, applying and reasoning cognitive domains were all ranked in 3rd place. To compare with the TIMSS 2003 data, our grade 8 students had significant improvement in mathematics, but less well in science. Both our grade 4 mathematics and science had significant improvement. In conclusion, overall performance in our grade 4 and grade 8 science were ranked in 2nd place internationally, and mathematics was ranked in 3rd place for grade 4 and in 1st place for grade 8. In trend analysis, except for grade 8 science, our grade 4 and grade 8 mathematics and grade 4 science were significant better than TIMSS 2003. The performance of our grade 4 and grade 8 in Index of Students’ Positive Affect and Index of Students’ Self-Confidence were below the international average in both subjects. In aspect of gender difference, there was no significant different in mathematics and science in both grade.
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