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An Empirical Study of the Relationships between Outdoor Recreation Specialization and Environmental Attitude and Behavior－A Case Study of Rock Climbing at Long Dong in Taiwan
The study is based on the theory of recreation specialization, which the aim is to be discussed the relationships between outdoor recreation specialization and environmental attitude and behavior. It took rock climbing as a case study, and designed specific “attitude of environmental impact” and “behavior of low-environmental impact” to measuring environmental attitude and behavior in the study, while the respondents would be the rock climbers at Long Dong, one of the Taiwan’s outdoor rock climbing areas. Convenience and purposive samplings have been conveyed to comply as one of the sampling methods, and the study has collected 388 validquestionnaires for data analysis. The data have been analyzed by statistical methods as following descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis, regression analysis, and path analysis. The study has been found out that the dimensions of cognitive, behavioral, and affective trends in outdoor recreation specialization of rock climbing have turned positive relationships; the outdoor recreation specialization has turned a significantly negative relationship with environmental attitude, while it has led a significantly positive relationship with environmental behavior. Environmental attitude has turned no significant relationship with environmental behavior. This study has further detected that the affective dimension of outdoor recreation specialization has a better predictive capability in the face of environmental attitude and behavior. According to this study, the outdoor rock climbers got a high level scores in environmental behavior, and there is no significant difference in the classification of specialization. Further more, the specialization has a predictive ability to environmental behavior; it demonstrates that participation in outdoor recreation activities can be enhanced environmental behavioral goals advocated by environmental education.
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