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Taiwan is a place of diverse people living together, the various people living on the island for thousands of years, in order to adapt to the environment in order to survive, each developed many unique knowledge systems and cultural connotations. Tau family lived for generations in Lanyu Island, its unique traditional culture and knowledge to adapt to the environment derived affected by the location of isolated, traditional culture is later exposed to external shocks, is the best preserved in Taiwan aborigines, has long been scholars pay close attention. The contingent with the influence of foreign culture and economic development, Tau faced with the predicament of rapid loss of language, native science wisdom and traditional culture. Fortunately, in recent years, Taiwan's social emphasis on multi-cultural development, and the importance of the environmental wisdom of ethnic minorities and traditional culture, plus aboriginal self-consciousness, the rise of indigenous intellectuals, social treasured their traditional culture and native science wisdom gradually and respect. This study will use document analysis, interviews, and observation methods for the analysis and summarize existing file, and then collect the views of the residents matched tribal card, in order to understand the Tau aboriginal science connotation of wisdom, and their traditional learning state and learning process. And understanding the Tau tribe on Lanyu environmental learning in the ground field thoughts and needs. For the convenience of the results presented in this study will reach the traditional aboriginal Tau scientific wisdom into the ocean, land and other categories of knowledge everyday life, in fact Tau’s daily life, this three types of knowledge are complementary to each other, and can’t be separated. Tau traditional learning styles were the sources for the heritage and learning ways to explore and discover their learning experience with the age and gender division stage characteristics. This study hopes to explore Tau by conventional wisdom connotation and traditional learning model, as developed in the future development of Lanyu environmental learning field reference material in order to achieve the preservation of traditional culture and re-transmission.
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