西式娛樂活動進程:19世紀末上海跑馬場活動的圍觀與微觀

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2012

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本研究以1884~1898年裡上海第三個跑馬場的西式娛樂活動為研究主軸,透過上海《申報》、《點石齋畫報》等史料的詮釋,理解西方人與華人因該活動而產生娛樂活動內容、形式與種類等。本文透過歷史研究法加諸圖像、文字史料等考證外,呈現自下對上的研究方式,展現圍觀上海第三個跑馬場活動的微觀史學。研究結論如下:一、政治上的不平等條約帶進西式娛樂活動,上海第三個跑馬場成為上海西式娛樂活動中心,其邊緣卻以欄杆為界,但華人族群難進入。二、西式娛樂活動初入上海時,以洋商為主導,但西式娛樂活動進程發展中,會有不同名稱、種類、規則等,透過第1874年第三個上海跑馬場集合各單項娛樂活動同場共辦,筆者定義為「類現代運動會」雛型。三、跑馬場內與場外對賽馬活動的參與者,可視為各自對「賽馬活動」認同的團體,但彼此又存異見。四、「上海跑馬總會公司」(Shanghai Race Club )鏈接「運動事業基金會」 (Shanghai Recreation Fund),成為體育運動界專業管理先驅。五、西方人的「公共體育場」(Public Recreation Ground)建立於跑馬場內,華人族群的「公共空間」於跑馬場外,透過場內/外概念,入滬成型。西式娛樂活動的「成功」,在於迎合與吸引上海市民為其目標,並於不同時間、地點、人物、事件、媒體等建構成西方文化特點,但卻加諸於上海在地日常生活各種基礎、原則與規則,透過歷史的傳承,導引出新、舊西中文化的衝擊與交融後之炫麗風貌。
The purpose of this study was understand Western-style entertainment around The third Shanghai racecourse in 1884 - 1898. The study used the Shanghai news paper, such as like“Shang Bao”,“Dian-Shi-Zhai Pictorial Magazine”and so on. To investigated Westerners and Chinese because of the activities from entertainment content, form, the method used of historical research and images, texts related in order to be a historical evidence. This study also presented from Lower class to the upper calss, and surrounded view with micro history to observed the western-style entertainment from Shanghai racecourse. The results from this study showed as follow: 1. Political unequal treaties bring the Western-style entertainment in to Shanghai, but it gradually evolved into a Shanghai local entertainment. 2. The dominated by foreign companies which with the first Western-style entertainment in Shanghai, After that, extended to the Chinese and other people, however, during the process period of western-style entertainment, have different names, rules, and so on. 3. Inside and outside of horse racing participants, can be regarded as the "horse racing" identity groups, but they kept each other dissident. 4. Shanghai western-style entertainment center field in racecourse, but its edge is bounded by railings. 5.“Public recreation ground”and“Public space”concept through the racecourse inside and outside, during the process period western-style entertainment, began to take shape.

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跑馬場, 申報, 點石齋畫報, 上海跑馬總會公司, 公共體育場, western-style entertainment, racecourse, shang bao, dian-shi-zhai pictorial magazine, shanghai

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