論吳昌綬、張祖廉之生平交誼及詩詞唱和—以《松鄰書札》、《城東唱和詞》為中心

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2019-12-??

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國立台灣師範大學國文學系
Department of Chinese, NTNU

Abstract

近付學人吳昌綬以刊刻《仁和吳氏雙照樓景刊宋元本詞》聞名,目前學界對其早年的活動行跡並未詳考。吳昌綬畢生交誼最厚者為張祖廉,於其歿後為之聚書,出版百餘通吳氏寄給張氏的書劄手稿《松鄰書本》,及二人年少時在蘇州唱和的《城東唱和詞》。近年書劄材料成為文學研究的新趨向,本文將以吳昌綬交游書劄作為文本,考訂其生平行實,次尌唱和詵詞探討吳昌綬鑑賞碑拓古物、校訂古籍善本的態度,以及書劄中的詵詞成為刊本的選擇過程。清末民初刊行書畫墨跡主要以名家為主,出版時人手跡較為罕見,本文也將討論《松鄰書本》作為文本以外的被觀賞之物,如書劄之花箋、鈐印到以石印本作為書劄的出版物等,並指出吳、張二人在書亯中呈現的關懷主題,勾勒二人多面向的交游細節。
Late modern scholar Wu, Chang-shou was famous for publishing Renhe Wushi Shuangzhaolou Jingkan Song-Yuan benci, while Wu's early life and achievements have not been well documented by past scholars. As Wu, Chang-shou's best friend, after Wu died, Zhang, Zu-lain’s gathered more than one hundred Wu's articles and letters and then published Songlin Shuzha (a collection of their letters) and Chengdong Changheci (a collection of the Ci works they replying each other in the same rhythm in Suzhou). In recent years, analyzing letters has become a new method for literature research. This paper is dedicated to investigating Wu, Chang-shou's life history on the basis of his letters. It secondly dissects Wu's attitude toward appreciating and measuring the tablet extension, his perspectives about how to collate rare books, and the process of compilation (from poems and Ci works in letters to Ci corpuses). In late Qing and early republican China, the famous artists' painting and calligraphy works were published prevalently, but the publications of the contemporary manuscripts are rare to be found. Finally, by studying the material factors of Songlin Shuzha, such as the decorated stationery, the seal and the lithographic printing version, this paper also aims to discuss the relationship between literature writing, letters and publication.

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