生物實驗教學與我國八年級學生生物學習成就之關聯 A Study on the Correlation between Eight Grade Students’ Biological Achievements and Biological Experimental Teaching

Date
2012
Authors
林欣誼
Lin, Shin-yi
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Abstract
本研究使用問卷調查法,探討桃園縣八年級學生是否會因經驗的生物實驗頻率不同,而在生物學習成就上造成差異。研究為量化研究,研究對象為桃園縣的八年級學生,研究工具為「桃園縣99年度國中科學奧林匹亞競賽」的學生問卷與生物測驗成績。 研究結果發現:一、接受高生物實驗頻率的學生之生物學習成就,會顯著的高於接受低實驗頻率的學生。二、接受高生物實驗頻率的學生在回答不同認知類型(知識、理解和分析)的測驗題,其正確率皆會顯著的高於接受低實驗頻率的學生。三、越是同意做實驗有助於了解課本內容的學生,其學習成就會顯著的高於不同意做實驗有助於了解課本內容的學生。四、喜歡同一科目的學生中,接受高生物實驗頻率的學生,其生物學習成就會顯著的高於接受低實驗頻率的學生。 本研究建議,生物教師應善用學校的人力、財務和教育資本來提升學生進行實驗操作的機會,而教育當局應正視並慎思落實實驗教學的重要性。將來的研究方向可針對「教師特質」、「學校資源」對生物實驗教學的影響,做更進一步的深入分析。
The questionnaire investigation method was utilized in this study to survey the correlation between eight grade students’ biological achievements and biological experimental teaching in Taoyuan County. The study was a quantitative research, which based on the student questionnaire and biological test results from Junior Science Olympiad in Taoyuan County, 2010. The major findings of this research were described as follows: (1) The students had high-frequency of biological experiments, their biological achievements would significantly higher than the students had low-frequency of biological experiments; (2) The students had high-frequency of biological experiments, their accuracy would significantly higher than the students had low-frequency of biological experiments, when they answered the different types of cognitive problems(knowledge, comprehension and application); (3) The students agreed to do biological experiments would contribute they to understand more textbook content, their biological achievements would significantly higher than the students whom disagreed that. (4) The students liked the same subject who had high-frequency of biological experiments, his/her biological achievements would significantly higher than the students had low-frequency of biological experiments. There were some suggestions after this research that may offer to current and future education systems and researchers. Biological teachers should properly utilize human, financial and educational capitals in the school to enhance students’ opportunity to learn by experiment. Current board of education should carefully consider the importance of implementing experiment teaching. As for future researchers, the aims or the objectives of research could focus on the characteristics of teachers and school resources analysis how they affect the teaching of biological experiments.
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Keywords
國中, 實驗教學, 生物學習成就, junior high school, experimental teaching, biological achievement
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