繪本曼陀羅創造思考教學方案對幼兒創造力之影響

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2008

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繪本曼陀羅創造思考教學方案對幼兒創造力之影響 摘 要 本研究旨在以陳龍安(1989)「愛的」創造思考教學模式為架構編擬之適合幼兒發展的「繪本曼陀羅創造思考教學方案」,探討經過十二單元實驗教學後,此方案對提昇幼兒創造力的成效。 本研究採不等組前後測準實驗研究法,採立意取樣選取台北市某國小附設幼稚園五足歲幼兒為研究對象,選取實驗組和控制組各一班。實驗組三十名幼兒接受十二單元的活動教學,控制組廿七名幼兒則接受一般課程教學,未進行實驗處理。本研究之測驗工具為吳靜吉教授「新編創造思考測驗」,所得資料以單因子共變數分析進行假設考驗。 一、實驗組在「新編圖形創造思考測驗」之改變情形實驗組幼兒在「圖形流暢力」、 「圖形變通力」、「圖形獨創力」「圖形精進力」改變情形均顯著優於控制組。 二、「繪本曼陀羅創造思考教學方案」受到幼兒的接受與喜愛。 本研究最後根據研究結果,對幼教實務工作者、父母及未來的研究三方面提出建議,以供後續研究與教學的參考。 關鍵字:幼兒、繪本、曼陀羅、創造力、「愛的」創造思考教學
The Effects of the Picture Book with Mandala Course on Improving Kindergartner s’ Creativity Abstract The purpose of the research was to design a picture book with Mandala Course for kindergarteners based on L. A. Chen(1989) “ATDE” creative thinking teaching model, and to scrutinize the impacts of twelve experimental courses of creativity on young children. A nonequivalent pretest-posttest experimental design was employed from a kindergarten in Taipei, and the subjects of this study were selected and divided into the experimental group and the control group. The experimental group consisted of 30 kindergarteners participating in twelve picture book with Mandala courses while the control group consisted of 27 kindergarteners participating in general courses. The instrument was “The New Tests of Creative Thinking,”by Dr. Wu . The data were analyzed by using one-way ANCOVA. The results of the study were concluded as follows: 1. The figure assessment results of “The New Tests of Creative Thinking,”in fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration, the experimental group performed significantly better than the control group. The performance of the experimental group was significantly better than those of the controlled group in figure fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration. 2. This teaching course is accepted and liked by kindergarteners. Based on the results, the research proposed some suggestions to the workers of Early Childhood Education, parents, and researchers as references in research or teaching in the future. Keywords: kindergarteners, picture book, mandala,creativity, ATDE

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幼兒, 繪本, 曼陀羅, 創造力, 「愛的」創造思考教學, kindergarteners, picture book, mandala, creativity, ATDE

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