清末民初勢變下英斂之之調適 none

Date
2021
Authors
吳智弘
Ng, Chi-Wang
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Abstract
以往的英斂之研究大都是英斂之的生平介紹,以及討論英斂之與《大公報》的貢獻。在此情況下,對英斂之個人深入的研究議題,便較不受學界注意。 英斂之一生多姿多彩,在身世方面,擁有清代旗人身分,與宗女結親,攀上皇家。在職業方面,先後從事法國駐雲南蒙自書記、《大公報》館主、慈幼局局長、輔仁社社長。擁有報人、教育家、慈善家等多種身分。 英斂之的學問兼通耶儒,學貫中西,是清末民初,天津租界的知名人物,在官方、民間、教會,法國領事館、日本領事館、天津海關、報界等領域都交遊廣闊,有廣大的人脈網絡。因此,英斂之在辦理各項事業,得心應手。如協辦北洋女子學堂、北平慈幼局,都是仰仗英斂之豐富的社會資源而成。 要觀察清末民初時局變代,英斂之富有特色的人生際遇,實在有其探討價值!從英斂之的人生經歷來看,出身於滿洲統治者的鐵衛部隊,一直效忠清廷,對旗人羣體亦保持忠誠。雖然英斂之沒有堅持尋找出仕機會,通過當官來報國,但是,他選擇了另類途徑,透過參與社會事務的方式,期望做到救國保種。而且,英斂之堅持維護旗人利益,不論是清末或是民初,他都為旗人生計努力。
The previous researches on Ying Lianzhi mostly focused on Ying Lianzhi's life introduction and discussed the contributions of Ying Lianzhi and Ta Kung Pao. Under this circumstance, the research topics of Ying Lian's individual are less noticed by the academic circles. One of him had a colorful life. In terms of life experience, he had the status of a bannerman in the Qing Dynasty, married with princess, and climbed into the royal family. In terms of occupation, he has successively worked as the French secretary in Yunnan Mengzi, the director of the "Ta Kung Pao",the director of the Charity Bureau, and the president of the Fu Ren Private School. There are multiple identities such as reporters, educators, and philanthropists. Ying Lianzhi was a celebrity in the Tianjin concession at the end of Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China. He has extensive contacts in official and social. He has friend in civil, church, French consulates, Japanese consulates, Tianjin customs, newspapers and other fields. There is a vast network of contacts. Therefore, Ying Lianzhi is handy in handling business. For example, the co-organization of the Beiyang Women's School and the Peking Charity and Child Care Bureau were opened by Ying Lianzhi. To observe the changes in the political situation in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, Ying Lianzhi’s distinctive life experiences are really worth exploring! Judging from the life experience of Ying Lianzhi, is Bannerman. He is the loyalty defenders of the Emperor of Manchuria. Although Ying Lianzhi did not insist on looking for opportunities to serve the country by becoming an official, hechose an alternative way, through participation in social affairs, hoping to save the country and protect the seed. Moreover, Ying Lianzhi insisted on safeguarding the interests of the banner people. Whether in the late Qing Dynasty or the beginning of the Republic of China, he worked hard for the banner's livelihood.
Description
Keywords
英斂之, 英華, 大公報, 香山慈幼院, 輔仁大學, Ying Lianzhi, Yinghua, Ta Kung Pao, Xiangshan Ci Kindergarten, Fu Jen Catholic University
Citation
Collections