高雄都會區老年人參與休閒活動與生活滿意之研究 A study of leisure activity participation and life satisfaction in Kaohsiung metropolitan area elders

Date
2006
Authors
陳娟娟
Chuan-chuan Chen
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Abstract
摘要 本研究旨在探討高雄都會區老年人休閒活動參與及生活滿意之影響及關係。研究者採立意抽樣法及滾雪球抽樣法取樣高雄都會區65歲(含)以上,按老年人口比例樣本進行問卷調查。正式問卷發放總計501份,實際回收463份問卷,回收率達92.42%。其中剔除填答不完全者18份,全部共得到有效樣本數為445份,有效問卷率為90.82%。所得數據經獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、平均數差異考驗、雪費多重事後比較法、典型相關等統計方法分析後,得到以下結果: 1.老年人人口背景變項中年齡、教育程度、婚姻狀況、健康狀況、經濟狀況及居住狀況等,會影響老年人的休閒活動參與;而在性別及居住區位等變項則沒有差異。 2.老年人人口背景變項中,包括:年齡、教育程度、婚姻狀況、健康狀況、經濟狀況及居住狀況等,會影響老年人的休閒活動參與;而在性別及居住區位等變項則沒有差異。 3. 高雄都會區老年人「休閒活動參與」與「生活滿意」的相關性達到顯著相關,呈現兩者間有相關存在,且休閒參與程度及活動範圍與生活滿意的高低有關,而生活滿意的程度亦能左右休閒參與的頻率,兩者之間有因果關係。 整體而言,不同背景變項的老人在休閒活動參與上有顯著差異。本研究老年人的人口背景變項中,包括:年齡、教育程度、婚姻狀況、健康狀況、經濟狀況及居住狀況等,會影響老年人的休閒活動參與及生活滿意;而在性別及居住區位等變項則沒有差異。且老年人參與休閒活動的程度與生活滿意度呈現正相關。 研究者將結果提供老年人本身、專業人士及相關單位、政府主管單位作為辦理或規劃老年人休閒活動之參考,並藉由研究結果建議發展適合老年人從事之休閒活動、提升老年人個人的休閒能力;並以本研究之結果對後續研究者提出建議供參考。
Abstract The main purpose of this study was to understand the relationship of leisure activity participation and life satisfaction of the Kaoshiung metropolitan area elders. The research tool was a questionnaire. Using purposive sampling and snowball sampling, 501 individuals (above 65 age and live in Kaoshiung metropolitan area) had been sampled. After deleting the invalid questionnaires, 445 copies were effective in total. The statistical analysis of the collected data contained frequencies, percentages, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe’s Post Hoc Multiple Comparison and canonical correlation. The results were found as the following: 1. There were significant differences in leisure activity participation with different age, education background, marital status, self-health status, incomes, living status. 2. There were significant differences in life satisfaction with different age, education background, marital status, self-health status, incomes, living status. 3. The relationship between the degree of leisure participation and life satisfaction was positive and reciprocal effect. Base on the results of this study recommendation can further provide some suggestion for authorities concerned, specialists and to related organizations in planning elder leisure activities. It will recommend that the leisure activities be developed suitable for the elderly physical capacity and individual capability of participation be increased. Finally, through researching, the results can offer some suggestions for future studies.
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老年人, 休閒活動, 生活滿意, elder, leisure activity participation, life satisfaction
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