反共抗俄的場域:三軍球場歷史脈絡之研究(1950-1960) The Field of Anti-communism and Anti-Soviet Union : A Study on the Historical Context of the Armed Forces Stadium(1950-1960)

Date
2017
Authors
林融徽
Lin, Rong-Hui
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Abstract
本研究旨在探討三軍球場的建設起源、舉辦活動內容及拆除原因。戰後初期,中華民國政府撤遷來臺,籃球運動隨著軍方一起來到臺灣,憑藉軍方籃球風氣興盛之故,軍方漸漸向民間推廣籃球運動,成了臺灣最受歡迎的運動之一,三軍球場就是在這樣的時空背景下興建完成,亦成為東亞最大的運動場館。因著中華人民共和國的成立,居身在臺灣的中華民國極力向國際發聲,證明自己才是真正的「自由中國」,除了舉辦籃球運動賽事之外,也成為政府攏絡各地華僑、爭取國際認同而舉辦介壽杯的重要場域。做為當時國內最大的室內場館,也被借用來舉辦多種活動,但因球場歸軍方管轄,所有活動主旨必須符合「反共抗俄」的基本國策,又因場地使用賽和門票收入均需做為勞軍之用,使三軍球場增添不少軍事色彩。歷經十年,三軍球場於1960年因「使用期限已到」而進行拆除,雖然在經費上仍有令人質疑之處,但三軍球場不僅呈現了戰後臺灣特殊的歷史意涵,也投射出透過體育運動交鋒的競逐場域。
This research aims to examine the origin of the construction of the Armed Forces, the content of the activities held in it, and the reason for its demolition. In the early post-war period, the government of the Republic of China retreated to Taiwan. Along with the coming of the military to Taiwan came basketball as well. Due to the popularity of basketball in the armed forces, the military gradually promoted basketball to the public, and basketball eventually became one of the most popular sports in Taiwan. The Armed Forces Stadium was built against such a backdrop and became the biggest stadium in East Asia. In view of the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China now settled in Taiwan endeavored to make its voice heard internationally to prove that it was the true representative of “Free China.” In addition to hosting basketball matches, the stadium also became an important place where the government held the Jie-Shou Cup to win over overseas Chinese and garner international recognition. As the then biggest indoor stadium in the country, the Armed Forces Stadium was also rented out for other types of events. Yet, since it was under the jurisdiction of the military, the purpose of any activity held there must align with the national policy of “anti-communism and anti-Soviet Union”. Further since the rental income and the ticket revenue were to be used to pay for activities to entertain the army, the stadium partook of much military coloration. Ten years after its establishment, in 1960, the stadium was demolished because “its term of use had expired.”” Although queries about its funding remained, the Armed Forces Stadium did not only manifest the particular historical significance of the post-war Taiwan, but also projected a competitive field through sports tournaments.
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自由杯, 介壽杯, 華僑, 臺灣籃球史, 國軍體育促進會, Zi-You Cup, Jie-shou Cup, overseas Chinese, the history of basketball in Taiwan, National Army Sports Association
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