近代西方帝國主義與東南亞殖民地經濟發展:以美國在菲律賓之治理為例(1898-1942) Modern Western Imperialism and the Economic Development of the Colony in Southeast Asia: A Case Study of the Philippines during the American Colonial Period (1898-1942)

Date
2017
Authors
黃小庭
Huang, Hsiao-Ting
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Abstract
美國進入二次工業革命之後,國內經濟蓬勃發展,為了移轉美國國內過多的資金以及產品,美國政府企圖拓展海外市場。1898年美西戰爭結束後,美國取得其在亞太地區唯一的殖民地—菲律賓。美國殖民菲律賓的出發點是獲取經濟利益,因此在制定經濟政策之際,美國希望把菲律賓變成美國的原料供應地、產品傾銷的市場以及資本投資的場所。本文旨在藉由分析美國殖民統治菲律賓四十多年間施行的經濟政策,包括土地改革、稅制改革、貨幣與金融制度的建立、貿易政策的轉變等,以了解美國殖民政府在制定殖民經濟政策時的背景、政策的內容以及對菲律賓帶來的影響。這些經濟政策確實讓菲律賓的經濟出現短暫的繁榮,但美國殖民統治菲律賓的目的與歐洲其他帝國主義國家殖民東南亞相同,即將自身的利益建立在對菲律賓的經濟控制上。
After the United States entered the second industrial revolution, the domestic economy flourished. In order to transfer the excessive financial resources and products in the United States, the US government planned to expand overseas markets. After the Spanish-American War of 1898, the United States acquired the Philippines as the only colony in the Asia-Pacific region. The motivation of the United States colonizing the Philippines is to obtain economic benefits; therefore when the US government adopted the economic policy, it wanted to turn the Philippines into a place suppling raw materials, a market for dumping US goods and a place for US capital investment. This study aims to analyze the colonial economic policies adopted by the United States colonial rule over 40 years, including land reform, internal tax system reform, the establishment of monetary and financial systems, etc... By analyzing those economic policies, we can realize their background, content and impact on the Philippines. Although the US economic policies enhanced the economic prosperity of the Philippines, the purpose of the American colonization of the Philippines is the same as that of other European imperialists in Southeast Asia that is, obtaining its own interest by taking the economic control of the Philippines.
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菲律賓, 美國, 近代帝國主義, 東南亞, 殖民地經濟發展, the Philippines, the United States, Modern Imperialism, Southeast Asia, Economic Development of Colony
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