說「V+個+XP」結構的歷史發展

dc.contributor.author王錦慧zh_tw
dc.contributor.authorWang, Jin-huien_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-12T04:44:53Z
dc.date.available2019-08-12T04:44:53Z
dc.date.issued2015-12-??
dc.description.abstract本文從歷時角度探討「V+個+XP」結構的發展,發現量詞「個」可作為表指稱、名物化的名詞組標記,此名詞組標記功能分有界事件化與無界活動化兩類。「V 個」後的成分由體詞擴展到謂詞,是類推作用使然,誘發動因肇端於「個」字本身具有「填空子的單位詞」的語義屬性。比較「V+個+XP(程度賓語)」與「V+得+XP(狀態補語)」,「得」與V 的結合比「個」緊密,「得」後XP 可受程度詞或補語修飾、可形成正反問、可出現於比較句,可以是比況短語、狀態形容詞「AA 的」「ABB 的」;「個」後XP 沒有這樣的用法。歸因於「個」後XP 是體詞性,「得」後XP 是謂詞性。「個」字句以表述未然事象的提議句為主,「得」字句則是表述已然事象的描述句,「個」字句如要表述「已然事象」,通常在動詞後加上體標記「了」。「個」字句與「得」字句表現不同的時間意義,分別與「無定」以及「獲得」的意義有關。zh_tw
dc.description.abstractThis study explores the development of the “V + ge + XP” structure from a diachronic perspective. The findings show that the classifier “ge” could function as a nominal group marker for reference and nominalization. The nominal group marker has two functions: to introduce a bounded event or an unbounded activity. The class of elements that occurs after “V ge” are broadened to include, not only nominals, but also predicates, a fact that I claim to be a result of analogy. The motivation of the analogy is that semantically “ge” can serve as a blank-filling measure word. When we compare “V + ge + XP (degree objects)” with “V + ge + XP (stative complements),” we find that the merging between de and V is closer than that of ge and V. The XP following “de” can be modified by degree words and complements, form A-not-A questions, appear in comparative sentences, and function as metaphorical phrases and stative adjectives “AA de” as well as “ABB de”. In contrast, the XP following “ge” does not have those usages. This contrast is due to the fact that the XP following “ge” is nominal and that the XP following “de” is predicative. The “ge” sentences denote propositions of irrealis events, and the “de” sentences are narrative sentences denoting realis events. If “ge” sentences are used to denote realis events, the aspect marker “le” must be added after the verbs. “Ge” and “de” sentences convey different time references, which respectively result from “being indefinite” and “being acquired.”en_US
dc.identifierD4E57CFD-1238-FDDF-F608-353E0200B208
dc.identifier.urihttp://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/80551
dc.language中文
dc.publisher國立台灣師範大學國文學系zh_tw
dc.publisherDepartment of Chinese, NTNUen_US
dc.relation(58),191-220
dc.relation.ispartof國文學報zh_tw
dc.subject.otherzh_tw
dc.subject.otherzh_tw
dc.subject.other量詞zh_tw
dc.subject.other名詞組標記zh_tw
dc.subject.other助詞zh_tw
dc.subject.othergeen_US
dc.subject.otherdeen_US
dc.subject.otherclassifieren_US
dc.subject.othernominal group markeren_US
dc.subject.otherparticleen_US
dc.title說「V+個+XP」結構的歷史發展zh-tw
dc.title.alternativeOn the Historical Development of the“V + ge + XP” Structurezh_tw

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