舞蹈資優生鑑定工具對入學後學術科表現之研究

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2009

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本研究旨在探討舞蹈資優生鑑定成績與入學後學術科成績間之相關。研究對象採分區立意取樣,選定北、中、南三區12所設有舞蹈班的國中小,樣本人數共計303人,其中國小計150人,國中計153人。研究方式為蒐集舞蹈資優生入學的鑑定成績與其九十七學年度上學期學術科的成績,以描述統計瞭解學生鑑定成績與入學後表現成績的分布情形,透過Pearson積差相關考驗鑑定成績間的相關、及鑑定成績和入學後表現的相關,並訪談參與舞蹈鑑定評分的教授與老師,瞭解其對舞蹈資優鑑定的看法與建議。本研究之研究結果分述如下: 一、國中小術科鑑定成績和舞蹈性向測驗間相關皆未達顯著水準。 二、國小術科鑑定成績和入學後術科成績相關達顯著水準;國中即興與創作成績與入學後的術科成就間相關達到顯著水準,但舞蹈基本動作與中國舞、即興與創作相關未達顯著水準。 三、國中小舞蹈性向測驗與學科的相關皆達顯著水準,而與入學後術科的相關皆未達顯著水準。 四、術科鑑定成績和舞蹈性向測驗的加權分數,對入學後學術科成績具有預測力。 五、舞蹈術科測驗因時間的限制、評分問題、報考人數減少等因素,可能造成發掘舞蹈資優生的困難,建議朝課堂引導的方式、擬定評分向度進行觀察。 根據本研究結論,提出如下建議做為參考:一、調整術科評分方式,避免分數成兩極化;二、降低術科評分的主觀性,訂定明確的評量指標,以增加客觀性;三、調整術科評量時間或以課堂教學觀察的方式進行;四、長期追蹤性向測驗的信效度,並思考如何降低紙筆測驗的評量誤差。
The main purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between talent identification results and performance in school of the dance talented students. The samples are 150 dance talented students in elementary school and 153 dance talented students in junior high school from the north, middle and south Taiwan. The major instruments for this research used to collect the basic data are: 1) dance aptitude test, 2) dance performance assessment, 3) academic achievement, 4) dance achievement. The data would be analyzed by means of Pearson correlation. The main findings are listed as follows: 1) There is no significant correlation between dance performance assessment score and dance aptitude test score in elementary and junior high schools. 2) There is a significant positive correlation between the dance performance assessment score and dance achievement in elementary schools. In addition, there is also a significant positive correlation between the improvisation score and achievement in dance related subjects (namely, ethnic dance, ballet, modern dance and improvisation) in junior high schools. 3) There is a significant positive correlation between the dance aptitude test score and academic achievement in elementary and junior high schools. Nevertheless, there is no significant correlation between the dance aptitude test score and dance achievement in elementary and junior high schools. 4) The weighted score of dance performance assessment and dance aptitude test would be able to predict the performance in school. 5) Due to the time limit, assessing methods, and declination of examinees, dance performance assessment might cause difficulties of discovering dance talented students. The suggestions are using different criteria to evaluate and observe in the way of class guidance.

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舞蹈資優生, 鑑定工具, 成就表現, 性向測驗, dance talented students, identification tools, achievement performance, dance aptitude test

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