臺灣產擬蠅虎亞科群(蜘蛛目: 蠅虎科)蜘蛛之分類研究

dc.contributor陳世煌zh_TW
dc.contributorShyh-Hwang Chenen_US
dc.contributor.author陳俊志zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorChun-Chih Chenen_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-05T06:12:31Z
dc.date.available2015-6-14
dc.date.available2019-09-05T06:12:31Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.description.abstract擬蠅虎亞科群(Plexippoida)是蠅虎科中的亞科群之一,包含擬蠅虎亞科(Plexippinae)及蠅犬亞科(Pelleninae)共有22屬,目前已知有687種。常見於田間、灌叢及樹林中,廣泛分布於世界各地,亦是台灣常見的徘徊性蜘蛛之一。擬蠅虎亞科群的雄蛛在顎葉部有鋸齒狀突起,以及在盾片上具有一突起構造可資區別。本研究主要是參考臺灣師範大學館藏標本的採集紀錄和相關文獻,至台灣各地(附錄一)進行樣本採集,採集時選擇平原草地、山區步道以及林地等蠅虎可能出現的棲地,以目視法為主,掃網為輔,發現蜘蛛則以空底片盒捕捉,之後於實驗室進行觀察鑑定以及後續之繪圖與測量。本論文報告台灣產擬蠅虎亞科群 (Plexippoida) 蜘蛛共二亞科(plexippinae)和(Pelleninae)10屬22種,其中擬蠅虎亞科有七屬十八種,包括新紀錄三屬,分別為緬蛛屬(Burmattus)、艾普蛛屬(Epeus)和獵蛛屬(Evarcha),新種三種為臺灣艾普蛛(Epeus taiwanus Chen et Chen, sp. nov.)、臺灣獵蛛(Evarcha formosana Chen et Chen, sp. nov)和臺灣雅蛛(Yaginumaella taiwanica Chen et Chen, sp. nov.),新紀錄種共九種,分別為波氏緬蛛(Burmattus pococki)、雙尖艾普蛛(Epeus bicuspidatus)、榮艾普蛛(Epeus glorius)、廣西艾普蛛(Epeus guangxi)、帶獵蛛(Evarcha fasciata)、黃帶獵蛛(Evarcha flavocincta)、毛首獵蛛(Evarcha hirticeps)、弗氏紐蛛(Telamonia vlijmi)、條紋雅蛛(Yaginumaella striatipes),並首次紀錄雙尖艾普蛛、榮艾普蛛與毛首獵蛛之雌蛛,文中並將Plexippus incognitus (Dönitz et Strand, 1906) 處理為排除種;而蠅犬亞科(Pelleninae)共計三屬四種,包括新紀錄二屬,分別為菱頭蛛屬(Bianor)和西菱頭蛛屬(Sibianor),新紀錄種三種,分別為華南菱頭蛛(Bianor angulosus)、斑菱頭蛛(Bianor maculatus)和暗色西菱頭蛛(Sibianor pullus)。本研究結果可增進擬蠅虎亞科群蜘蛛物種多樣性與地理分布的了解,以做為往後台灣蠅虎科蜘蛛各方面研究的基礎。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractPlexippoida is one of the groups of Salticidae that contains subfamilies Pelleninae and Plexippinae. Males of the Plexippoida bear a serrula on the male endite and a bump on the tegulum. The plexippoids are wandering spiders that are common in Taiwan and inhabit among the shrubs, in the fields and the frosts. I searched jumping spiders from varied habitats in various localities of Taiwan and collected specimens with bare hands or with the aid of sweeping nets. I captured and maintained living spiders in the empty film boxes. Specimens were examined and measured under a stereomicroscope (Leica M3Z). The Plexippoida consists of about 687 described species in the world. Totally two subfamilies, ten genera and twenty-two species from Taiwan are reported in this study. There are seven genera and 18 species of subfamily Plexippinae found in Taiwan, including three new species, i.e., Epeus taiwanus sp. nov., Evarcha formosana sp. nov., and Yaginumaella taiwanica sp. nov., three newly recorded genera, i.e., Burmattus, Epeus, and Evarcha, and nine newly recorded species, i.e., Burmattus pococki, Epeus bicuspidatus, E. glorius, E. guangxi, Evarcha fasciata, E. flavocincta, E. hirticeps, Telamonia vlijmi and Yaginumaella striatipes. The females of Epeus bicuspidatus, E. glorius and Evarcha hirticeps are described for the first time. Plexippus incognitus (Dönitz et Strand, 1906) is excluded from the spider fauna of Taiwan. There are three genera and 4 species of subfamily Pelleninae found in Taiwan, including two newly recorded genera, i.e., Bianor and Sibianor, and three newly recorded species, i.e., Bianor angulosus, B. maculatus, and Sibianor pullus. All known species belonging to the plexippoida are described or redescribed and illustrated based on Taiwanese specimens. In addition, their geographical distribution in Taiwan are also provided. The results of present study will also serve as a foundation for the futher researches.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship生命科學系zh_TW
dc.identifierGN0699430319
dc.identifier.urihttp://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0699430319%22.&%22.id.&
dc.identifier.urihttp://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/104392
dc.language中文
dc.language英文
dc.subject新種zh_TW
dc.subject新紀錄種zh_TW
dc.subject擬蠅虎亞科群zh_TW
dc.subject蠅犬亞科zh_TW
dc.subject擬蠅虎亞科zh_TW
dc.subjectNew speciesen_US
dc.subjectNewly recorded speciesen_US
dc.subjectPlexippoidaen_US
dc.subjectPelleninaeen_US
dc.subjectPlexippinaeen_US
dc.title臺灣產擬蠅虎亞科群(蜘蛛目: 蠅虎科)蜘蛛之分類研究zh_TW
dc.titleA taxonomic study on the spiders of Plexippoida (Araneae: Salticidae) of Taiwanen_US

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