民國高教體制下的經學課程:從大陸到臺灣

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2021-06-??

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國立台灣師範大學國文學系
Department of Chinese, NTNU

Abstract

民國以來,經學歷經了許多挑戰,其中影響最大的是其與教育的關聯,一方面經學被支解歸併入其他新式學科,另一方面則是在各級學校中取消經學的相關課程。但在一九三○年代以前,經學仍受到學界一定程度的重視,在高等院校的教育中依然有其生存的空間。然而,隨著國民政府統一全國的態勢底定後,教育部銳意推動高等院校課程的標準化,從制度面對高校課程進行全面的整理與規範。這個做法對經學在高校的傳衍與發展帶來深遠的影響。本文擬分為前後兩部分,前半部以大陸時期為主,著重在課程標準化下,經學課程朝向儒家經典教育方向的發展。後半部則將焦點置於一九四五年後臺灣高等院校施行的情況,冀望透過這樣的探索,能對經學在近代高等教育體制中的實存樣態有較清楚而完整的認識。
Since the Republic of China, Classicism have experienced many challenges, the most influential of which is its connection with education. On the one hand, Classicism was disbanded and merged into other new disciplines, on the other hand, the related courses of Classicism were cancelled in schools at all levels. However, before the 1930s, the Classicism still received a certain degree of attention from the academic circles, and there was still room for survival in the education of colleges and universities. However, with the national government's unification of the country, the Ministry of Education is determined to promote the standardization of colleges and universities, and comprehensively organize and standardize college courses from the system to the face. This approach has a profound impact on the propagation and development of Classicism in universities. This article is planned to be divided into two parts. The first half is mainly in the mainland period, focusing on the development of Classicism toward to the Confucian classics education under the standardization of the curriculum. The second half focuses on the implementation of higher education institutions in Taiwan after 1945, hoping that through such explorations, we can have a clearer and complete understanding of the actual state of Classicism in the modern higher education system.

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