2012年倫敦奧運女子排球資格賽得分因素與比賽成績之關聯研究

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2013

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本研究目的在於分析2012年倫敦奧運女子排球資格賽所有參賽隊伍所有比賽場次(共計28場、97局)之四項得分技術因素(攻擊得分、發球得分、攔網得分、對方失誤得分,對比賽勝率之影響。本研究應用灰色關聯分析法,以比賽勝率為參考函數、四項得分因素為比較函數,加以探討不同四項得分因素與比賽勝率間關聯程度,本研究所得結果如下所述: ㄧ、所有隊伍四項得分技術因素單局平均得分其排序如下所述: (ㄧ)扣球得分技術表現方面1.古巴隊得分341分,單局平均得分14.24分,2.賽爾維亞得分329分,單局平均得分13.73分,3.韓國得分318分,單局平均得分13.82分,4.日本隊得分314分,單局平均得分10.42分,5.泰國隊得分304分,單局平均得分13.75分,6.俄羅斯隊得分301分,單局平均得分13.73分 7.祕魯隊得分256分,單局平均得分11.58分,8.中華台北獲得199分,單局平均得分9.47分敬陪末座。 (二)攔網技術得分,分別為:1.俄羅斯隊85分,單局平均得分3.86分。2.賽爾維亞隊80分,單局平均得分2.61分。3.韓國隊70分,單局平均得分3.22分。4.古巴隊70分,單局平均得分2.81分。5.日本隊63分,單局平均得分2.61分。6.祕魯隊40分,單局平均得分1.82分。7.泰國隊39分,單局平均得分1.83分。8.中華台北獲得25分,單局平均得分1.19分。 (三)發球得分技術分別為:1.賽爾維亞隊36分,單局平均得分1.42分。2.日本隊35分,單局平均得分1.72分。3.古巴隊32分,單局平均得分1.33分。4.泰國隊30分,單局平均得分1.35分。5. 韓國隊28分,單局平均得分1.72分。6. 祕魯隊25分,單局平均得分1.11分。7.中華台北隊17分,單局平均得分0.80分。8.俄羅斯隊15分,單局平均得分0.67分。 (四)對方失誤得分技術方面,依序排列順序分別為:1.日本隊149分,單局平均得分5.53分。2.俄羅斯隊138分,單局平均得分6.32分。3.賽爾維亞隊127分,單局平均得分4.95分。4.韓國隊122分,單局平均得分5.33分。5.中華台北隊114分,單局平均得分5.42分。6.泰國隊113分,單局平均得分5.14分。7.祕魯隊91分,單局平均得分4.14分。8.古巴隊87分,單局平均得分3.76分。 二、本研究運用灰色關聯分析,依據計算所得結果得知影響參與本屆賽事參賽隊伍所有場次之關聯度排序為:1.扣球得分(r=0.92)2.對方失誤得分(r=0.83)3.攔網得分(r=0.79) 4.發球得分(r=0.77)。 三、藉由研究結果得知,中華台北女子排球隊於本屆賽事四項得分因素,除對方失誤排名第五及發球得分技術排名第七外,其餘兩項技術均排名最後,因此,懇切建議,未來國家女排欲參與國際賽事,應當先行強化扣球技術與攔網技術。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the scoring skills including spike, serve, block, and opponent error in relation to the winning rate (total: 28 games; 97 sets) in 2012 Landon Olympics Women’s qualification games by using Grey Relational Analysis (winning rate is the reference factor and the four scoring skills are the comparable factors). The results are following: 一、Scoring skills 一、Spike Cuba: total scores: 341 points; 14.24 points/ set. Serbia: total scores: 329; 13.73 points /set. Korea: total scores: 318 points; 13.82 points/ set. Japan: total scores: 314 points; 10.42 points/ set. Thailand: total scores: 304 points; 13.75 points/ set. Russia: total scores: 301 points; 13.73 points/ set. Peru: total points: 256 points; 11.58 points/ set. Chinese Taipei: total scores: 199 points; 9.47 points/ set. 二、Block: Russia: total scores: 85 points; 3.86 points/ set. Serbia: total scores: 80; 2.61 points /set. Korea: total scores: 70 points; 3.22 points/ set. Cuba: total scores: 70 points; 2.81 points/ set. Japan: total scores: 63 points; 2.61 points/ set. Peru: total scores: 40 points; 1.82 points/ set. Thailand: total points: 39 points; 1.83 points/ set. Chinese Taipei: total scores: 25 points; 1.19 points/ set. 三、Serve: iv Serbia: total scores: 36 points; 1.42 points/ set. Japan: total scores: 35; 1.72 points /set. Cuba: total scores: 32 points; 1.33 points/ set. Thailand: total scores: 30 points; 1.35 points/ set. Korea: total scores: 28 points; 1.27 points/ set. Peru: total scores: 25 points; 1.11 points/ set. Chinese Taipei: total points: 17 points; 0.80 points/ set. Russia: total scores: 15 points; 0.67 points/ set. 四、Opponent error: Japan: total scores: 149 points; 5.53 points/ set. Russia: total scores: 138; 6.32 points /set. Serbia: total scores: 127 points; 4.95 points/ set. Korea: total scores: 122 points; 5.33 points/ set. Chinese Taipei: total scores: 114 points; 5.42 points/ set. Thailand: total scores: 113 points; 5.14 points/ set. Peru: total points: 91 points; 4.14 points/ set. Cuba: total scores: 87 points; 3.76 points/ set. 二、The correlation between winning rate and scoring skills were: (1) spike (r=0.92). (2) opponent error (r=0.83). (3) block (r=0.79). (4) serve (r=0.77). 三、The results showed that Chinese Taipei Women’s volleyball team was ranked the 5th in scoring from opponent error and the 7th from serve; however, it also showed that Chinese Taipei Women’s volleyball team were ranked 8 out of 8 in this tournament. Therefore, the results of this study suggests that the Chinese Taipei Women’s volleyball team should improve the spiking and blocking skills.

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排球, 灰色關聯分析, volleyball, Grey Relational Analysis

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