大臺北地區國中學生對於全球暖化與節能減碳知識、態度、行為意向之研究

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2010

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本研究使用問卷調查法,探討大臺北地區國中學生的全球暖化與節能減碳知識、態度、行為意向現況。研究工具為自編之「國中學生全球暖化與節能減碳知識、態度、行為意向調查問卷」,分層系統化抽樣臺北縣、臺北市之公私立國中、完全中學國中部七、八年級學生;總計發出1685份問卷,收回1608份有效問卷。所得資料以描述性統計、獨立樣本 t 檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關分析、雪費法和重複測量變異數分析進行資料處理。研究結果發現大臺北地區國中學生的全球暖化與節能減碳訊息來源以媒體和教師為主,學生的全球暖化與節能減碳整體知識表現尚可,整體態度偏正向表現,整體行為意向則偏向中間表現。不同的性別對整體態度的表現有顯著差異;不同的年級、喜好科目對整體知識和行為意向的表現皆有顯著差異;父親學歷和母親學歷對整體知識、態度、行為意向的表現皆有顯著差異;宗教信仰對整體知識、態度、行為意向的表現皆無顯著差異;全球暖化與節能減碳知識、態度、行為意向間呈現正相關。本研究之結果可做為教育者編寫節能減碳教材之參考,以增進學生節能減碳相關知識,促使學生有正向積極的節能減碳態度與行為意向。
The questionnaire investigation method was utilized in this study to survey the knowledge, attitude, and behavior intention about global warming, energy saving, and reducing carbon emission of the junior high school students in Taipei area. A questionnaire was designed as the research tool, and stratified systematic sampling was employed to sample the junior high school students in Taipei county and Taipei city. A total of 1685 students were surveyed, and 1608 questionnaires were valid. PASW Statistics 18 software was used to conduct descriptive statistics, independent- ample t test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation, Scheffé method, and repeated measures ANOVA. The results indicated that the major information sources included television, internet, teachers, and newspaper. The knowledge of the students was not good enough, but the attitude was positive, and the behavior intention was in medium level. Moreover, significant effects were also found when compared with the students’ background factors, such as gender, grade, favorite subject, and parents’ education level. Furthermore, there were also significant positive correlations between knowledge and attitude, attitude and behavior intention, and between knowledge and attitude. Therefore, teachers can develop courses about global warming, energy saving, and reducing carbon emission to increase the students’ knowledge, and it will bring more positive attitude and more active behavior intension.

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全球暖化, 節約能源, 減少碳排放, 國民中學, 態度, 行為意向, Global Warming, Energy Saving, Reducing Carbon Emission, Junior High School, Attitude, Behavior intention

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