認真休閒參與者退出因素之研究

Abstract

本研究的目的在探討Stebbins所提出的認真休閒理論架構下,是否有退出的可能,以及認真休閒者之退出因素為何。本研究先透過文獻分析法,分析認真休閒者退出的可能性。之後針對登山單車與西洋劍三項活動共七位認真休閒退出者,做開放性之深度訪談。在工作性質改變、生涯轉換的成家立業時期,衡量標準因人生歷程的改變而不同,使認真休閒在休閒角色中的優先度改變而造成退出。本研究得到以下三項結論:第一,認真休閒之正向回饋低於其他休閒活動時,會因優先度的改變而產生退出認真休閒的現象。第二,認真休閒退出之因素為「生命歷程轉變」。第三、退出因素影響認真休閒者,使衡量標準改變,造成休閒活動重心的轉移的過程,是認真休閒者之退出歷程。建議認真休閒者可以參照個體的發展歷程,調整參與認真休閒之方式以延續認真休閒參與。針對後續研究者建議能以生命歷程對休閒參影響做相關研究。並可根據國外發展之認真休閒特性量表,開發適合台灣地區之研究工具,有助後續研究者在認真休閒領域上之發展。
The purpose of this research was to discuss the possibilities and reasons of quitting serious leisure. The Method of this research was first base on analysis of a collection of literatures. Then interview seven quitter of serious leisure with informal conversation interview method including mountaining, biking and rapier participaints. Results showed that the reasons of quitting serious leisure lay in the changing of life course, which made it different in weighing costs and rewards, therefore redefining the priority of all the leisure activities, and made the once top-priority activities no more. There are three conclusions of this research. The first conclusion was participants quit serious leisure due to the priority changes resulted from when the positive feedback were lower than other leisure activities. Second, the factors caused quitting was the changing of life course. Third, the process of quitting start from the effect of quitting factor caused the change of weighting cost and reward and the core leisure activities. It suggested that serious leisure participants could extend serious leisure by adjusting the way they did it. Furthermore, researches were suggested to center on the effect of life course on leisure. Besides, we could develop serious leisure inventory and measure fit our demand base on results overseas.

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Keywords

認真休閒, 退出, serious leisure, quit

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