日治時期北投溫泉的發展-以納涼會為中心之探討-(1902-1945)

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2018

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本論文是以日本的「溫泉之文化性、歷史性的背景」為基礎,從「近代旅遊」的觀點,以「納涼」和「溫泉」彼此的角度來分析探討台灣北投溫泉。 本研究意義所在的獨特發現和分析共有6項。 【本研究意義所在的獨特發現和分析】 1.溫泉和納涼這兩個來自日本的文化,同時從北投發跡,並擴展到整個台灣。 2.北投納涼列車開始實施,跟日本內地流行特別列車是同一時期。 3.納涼會和納涼列車的實施背景,跟松本龜太郎和北投俱樂部有很大的關係。 4.北投溫泉因其便利性和相關人士不斷的努力,比日本內地許多地方早日實現從溫泉湯治變身成為觀光溫泉地。 5.在北投溫泉實施的納涼會及納涼列車,是台灣近代旅遊萌芽之起始。 6.溫泉和納涼在不斷改變型態之下,於台灣生根,和來自其它文化圈的文化一樣,被吸收成為台灣的文化之一。
Based on the cultural identity of Japanese hot spring in a historical context, taking from modern tourism point of view, this paper seeks to analyze Hokutou Hot Spring in Taiwan by examining two aspects, the “nouryou” (enjoying the cool of evening) and “Onsen”(hot spring). This research will declare six unique discovers and analysis: 1) Two cultures, both Onsen and nouryou which are originated in Japan had expanded from Hokutou district throughout all over Taiwan. 2) The nouryou festival and nouryou train in Hokutou started around the same period as the special train boom in Japan inland. 3) The beginning of nouryou festival and nouryou train was deeply connected to Kametarou Matsumoto and the Hokutou Club. 4) Due to its convenient location and people’s consistent effort, Hokutou Onsen was able to transform successfully from hot spring cure to tourist attraction faster than many part of the inland. 5) The nouryou festival and nouryou train in Hokutou Onsen are considered important milestones for early Taiwanese tourism. 6) The hot spring and nouryou culture had undergone stylistic changes and similar to other foreign cultures, they have grown and become integrated into part of the Taiwanese culture.

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北投, 温泉, 納涼會, 鐵道, 近代旅遊, Hokutou, Hot spring, nouryuou, train, Modern Tourism

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