立法院女性從業人員運動行為及運動介入成效之研究

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2009

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本研究之主要目的是針對立法院女性從業人員運動行為現況進行調查,接著應用跨理論模式瞭解女性從業人員的不同運動階段現況,並徵求意圖期、準備期和行動期的女性從業人員之同意,進行運動計畫介入,並針對這些女性從業人員探討其在運動行為、運動感受和社會支持上之影響。研究範圍為目前立法院女性從業人員,約384人為階段一樣本,在經過說明本研究目的後,徵求志願者共60人參與本運動計畫介入40天的研究做為階段二之樣本。透過問卷調查法並以描述性統計、探索性因素分析、內部一致性信度分析、單因子共變數分析、單因子多變量共變數分析、t檢定與皮爾森積差相關來進行資料處理與分析。 研究對象以國會助理居多,年齡層多數集中在20-40歲之間及未婚居多。主要研究結果如下: 一、運動計畫介入後比計畫實施前運動人口有顯著的增加,計畫實施前「規律運動者」有20%,計畫介入後「規律運動者」有70%,計畫實施後規律人口增加50%。 二、運動計畫介入前後運動行為狀況之變化,「運動強度」及「運動頻率」均顯著高於運動計畫介入前。計畫介入後運動項目以散步、健行或快走、爬樓梯為主。 三、不同「身份别」、「年齡層」及「婚姻狀況」之女性從業人員在運動感受上並無顯著差異存在。 四、運動計畫介入後之運動感受、社會支持後測均高於前測。 五、運動感受與社會支持動機因素呈顯著正相關;社會支持動機因素與規畫因素亦呈顯著正相關。 未來建議可以針對這些女性從業人員的BMI、骨質密度與體適能加以測量,來幫助這些立法院女性從業人員運動階段與身體活動獲得改善,以強化他們規律的運動習慣與行為。
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of exercise intervention on improvement of stages of exercise and physical activity for the female workers in the Legislative Yuan. Three hundred and eighty-four female workers filled the questionnaire on the study one and sixty female workers participated .in the 40 days exercise intervention program for the study two. The intervention program with the Transtheoretical Model was applied to help workers develop effective approaches within different stages of the exercise change. All subjects completed questionnaires, including stages of exercise and physical activity record, at the pre-test and the post test. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, EFA, Cronbach’s α, Pearson product-moment correlation, and analysis of covariance. The results showed that after exercise intervention, the percentage of regular exercise increased 50.0% in the test group. Physical activity of the post test group had higher estimated energy expenditure than those in the pre-test group. Finally, based on foregoing affecting factors of exercise behavior, some recommendations for practice and further researches were suggested.

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立法院女性從業人員, 運動行為, 運動介入, female workers of the Legislative Yuan, stages of exercise, exercise intervention

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