複合式訓練對大專公開組競技體操選手原地前空翻表現之影響

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2013

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目的:探討三種訓練方式(複合式訓練、增強式訓練與控制組)對原地前空翻動作表現及下肢垂直跳力量與高度之差異。方法:本研究以18名大專公開組體操選手為受試對象,分為複合式訓練組、增強式訓練組與控制組進行,每週兩次維持八週之訓練。在訓練前、後檢測原地前空翻動作表現(空翻高度、落地角度與動作得分)及下肢垂直跳力量與高度表現,並以獨立樣本單因子變異數進行三組進步率之統計與相依樣本t考驗分別進行考驗比較(α=. 05)。結果:藉由複合式訓練後空翻高度訓練前後有36.97%的進步、落地角度訓練前後有9.09%的進步及CMJ高度訓練前後有19.90%進步;增強式訓練後空翻高度訓練前後有36.85%進步。三組訓練後各項檢測數據接未達顯著差異。結論:本研究中發現介入八週複合式訓練對於公開大專組體操選手的前空翻表現雖有提升但並無效果。 關鍵詞:體操、基本動作、訓練
Purpose: In this paper, we examine athletes trained by three different methods—complex training method, plyometrics training method, and the control group on their differences of body movements, lower-extremity vertical force, and heights while performing salto. Methods: The subjects of the research are eighteen contestants played in Collegiate Open Artistic Gymnastics. They are separated into complex training group, plyometrics training group, and the control group. All the subjects are trained twice per week during the eight weeks, and they perform salto before and after the training with height, falling angle, and movement recorded. In this paper, one-way ANOVA of independent samples is used to analyze improved rates, and the results are compared to that of the dependent t-test (α =0.5). Results: By using complex training method, the subjects improved 36.97% in height while performing salto and their falling angle improved 9.09%. After CMJ height training, subjects improve 19.90%, while a 36.85% improvement rate can be seen after plyometrics training. Though slightly different, there are no significant variations in data retrieved from the three methods. Conclusion: In this research, we find out subjects trained by eight-week complex training show slightly improvement in their performance, but the improvement rate does not show discrepancy in statistical analysis. Keywords: Gymnastics , Basic Movement, Training

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體操, 基本動作, 訓練, Gymnastics, Basic Movement, Training

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