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Speed and Strategy Analysis of Written Translation
實驗結果顯示，口譯員的筆譯產出速度明顯高於筆譯員，與先前相關研究結果相符（Dragsted& Hansen, 2009）。本實驗的操控也似乎成功提高了筆譯速度，但此加速現象僅出現於筆譯組；此速度變化雖未達量性顯著差異，但可能原因為實驗時間過短，受試者來不及熟悉新的筆譯方法。受試者的草稿／定稿的質性分析則顯示，這樣的速度差異與變化可能來自偏重不同的筆譯策略。
Speed of written translation is rarely a focus in translation studies, but it plays a vital role in a professional translator’s career. The few related studies claim that interpreters might actually translate faster than translators. In light of this, the present study aims to investigate (1) if such a claim is true; (2) if it is, what leads to the speed differences between these two groups; and (3) if it is possible to deliberately accelerate the translation process. Participants who took partin the experiment are 32 students/graduates of a MA program in translation and interpreting, all native speakers of Mandarin Chinese. Data collected for analysis are their Chinese translations of two English texts, their translation time measured in seconds, transcripts of their retrospective interviews, and background questionnaires. The experiment results show that the interpreters indeed appear to translate faster than the translators, which support the findings of some previous research (Dragsted& Hansen, 2009). Also, the attempt to speed up the translation process seems to have achieved partial success in the translator group although the acceleration is still not statistically significant, possibly because the participants did not have enough time to familiarize themselves with the new translation method. The qualitative analyses of the participants’ drafts and revisions, along with their retrospective interviews, suggest that such potential speed change might have resulted from different preferences of translation strategies. These findings are important for it reveals an easy way to potentially speed up translators’ production rate—by simply giving priority to certain translation strategies that they already know. The present study has also made contributions to the collaboration of translation studies and interpreting studies by adding data of empirical research to compare differences as well as similarities between the translation and interpreting modalities.
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