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Government monopoly has always been a vital means to increase government revenue. The monopoly of liquor in Taiwan during the Japanese occupation plays an important role in providing financial resources which helped promote many new reforms and development brought up by Den Kenjiro, the Governor-General of Taiwan. However, the monopoly of liquor was not generalized in the beginning in 1922. For example, as a separated item, beer was not monopolized simultaneously with other kinds of liquors. Besides, the monopolization of beer was started in 1933 and was actually conducted in the same manner of imported liquors, which was monopolized by the government by product procurement. It shows that monopoly of beer during the Japanese occupation is rather unique. By researching the monopoly of beer in Taiwan, the development of Japanese and Taiwanese brewery industries during Japanese occupation, the relationship between the private enterprises and the government, this study aims to investigate the reasons why beer was monopolized in a later period and the factors which influenced the institutional design of beer monopoly. Moreover, this paper probes into the role of beer monopoly on Taiwan government revenue and its influences over Taiwanese people’s life.
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