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The Correlates among Perceived Helicopter Parenting, Tutoring Engagement, and Continuance Intention to Participate
CHANG LEE, YU-JU
English cram schools
In the early years, the "General Education Reform Report" recommended that the expansion of university's enrollment, the establishment of high schools, and the promotion of multiple enrollment channels to relieve the pressure of further studies. However, in recent years, the situation of tutoring in cram schools for national and high school students is still common which may be due to parents’ attitude. Therefore, this study attempted to explore how the parents’ attitude toward life and academic hovering that even influence their children’s engagement in cram schools. Particularly, English tutoring are prevailed in Taiwan cram schools, then this study targeted those students attended English cram schools to test the correlates between two types of helicopter parenting, tutoring engagement in cram schools. The purposive sampling was adapted in this study to deliever questionnaires to those students attended English cram schools around Taouyuan city. Data of 293 were collected and were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. The results of this study showed as follows. 1. Perceived being life hovered is negatively related to tutoring behavior engagement 2. Perceived being life hovered is negatively related to tutoring emotional engagement. 3. Perceived being life hovered is negatively related to tutoring cognitive engagement 4. Perceived being academic hovered is negatively related to tutoring behavior engagement. 5. Perceived being academic hovered is negatively related to tutoring emotional engagement. 6. Perceived being academic hovered is negatively related to tutoring cognitive engagement. 7. Tutoring behavior engagement is positively related to continue intention of tutoring. 8. Tutoring emotional engagement is positively related to continue intention of tutoring 9. Tutoring cognitive engagement is positively related to continue intention of tutoring. Finally, this study sorts out the literature views and research evidence, and proposes research findings and recommendations for the tutors and the general public.
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