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A Study on Internet Health Information Behavior and the Health-Promoting Lifestyle of the Single Middle-Aged Women
Internet health information
The main purpose of this study was to understand characteristics and health information behavior of single middle-aged women and to explore the health-promoting lifestyle of single middle-aged women and its related factors. Another aim was to examine the correlation of background variables, health information behavior, self-perceived health status and health-promoting lifestyle, and to get the predictive factors of health-promoting lifestyle. The study subjects were recruited from unmarried women in the age range of 40 to 65 in Taiwan. The data was collected through structured questionnaire from May. to Jul. 2015, including the basic background data, internet health information behavior, self-perceived health status and health-promoting lifestyle short scale (HPLP-S). This research adopted judgment sampling and snowball sampling to conduct online and paper questionnaire survey, and 385 questionnaires were retrieved. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one way ANOVA, Scheffé's method, Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. The major results were as below: (a) The characteristics of the study subjects is including age mainly in 40-49 year old, bachelor’s degree or higher and upper middle income. Most of subjects lived with their families and became a family caregiver, so they also had a lot of stress. (b) Most of subjects thought that they have basic computer skills, including word processing or information seeking skills. (c) The main source of health information is internet, and the second is interpersonal methods. The subjects of health information needs is about healthy diet. (d) The subjects thought that how to evaluate health information on internet is the most difficult thing when they are seeking health information. (e) The average score of self-perceived health status was between neutral and agree. It indicated that the attitudes of subjects toward self-perceived health status was positive, but they also felt that theirs health status is going to get worse. (f) The ranking of the score index of the HPLP-S: self-actualization, nutrition, interpersonal support, stress management, exercise and health responsibility. It indicated that subjects have more positive views and pay more attention to nutrition. (g) The subjects with better economic status, higher level of education, better relationship and self-perceived health status had better health-promoting lifestyle. (h) There are 35.8% of the variance of the health-promoting lifestyle which is able to be explained by the self-perceived health status, job, education, frequency of participating in social communities and pressure. However, the self-perceived health status was the strongest predictor. Based on the study results, there are three recommendations: (a) The single middle-aged women should frequently participate in community activities, to improve interpersonal relationship and to meet the need for intimacy. It’s also suggested they should learn how to relieve their stress, to increase the stress-resistance (b) The study suggests the community college to provide information literacy related lesson, to improve not only information seeking skills but also information evaluation skills. (c) The single middle-aged women were lack of exercise. It is suggested that the health units should emphasize more on the propaganda of the physical fitness, or teach some indoor at home exercise.
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