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The Study of Everyday Creative Performance of High School Students: Using Experience-Sampling Method
The purpose of this study is to collect the activities records of everday creativity by using Exerience-Sampling Method and analyze the types of everyday creativity of high school students. 80 students sampled from 1 junior high school and 1 senior high school in Taiwan. The study tools were “Creative Logs for Junior and Senior High School Students” which is edited by the researcher, the “Creative Self-efficacy Scale”, “New Creative Thinking Test” and “Williams Creativity Disposition Scale”. Self-edited tool “Creative Logs for Junior and Senior High School Students” was applied to collect high school students’ daily creative behavior within two weeks. Then, content analysis was used to analyze high school students' activities record of everyday creativity and classify the types of creative performance and the frequency of calculation. According to these, researcher analyzed the everyday creativity of high school students. The results show that everyday creative performance of high school students can be classified into 6 types which includes experience of life, interaction of people, learning of knowledge, thinking of imagination, literature and art. In these, art has the highest frequency which is 34.63%. Interaction of people is the second which is 19.61%, and the others in sequence are experience of life 14.93%, learning of knowledge 14.83%, literature8.88%, and thinking of imagination has the least frequency 7.12%. Second, the types of high school students' creative activities have a significant difference due to their learning stages. Junior high school students have more creative activities, the quantities of whole creative activities and higher scores than senior high school students do in "learning of knowledge" and "art". Besides, girls have more creative activities, the quantities of whole creative activities and higher scores than boys do in “art”. Then, In the whole performance of High school students' everyday creativity has a significant relationship with creative product belief and creativity self-efficacy of "Creative self-efficacy scale". But they have low or middle positive correlation with "New Creative Thinking Test". Figure fluency, figure flexibility and figure originality of divergent thinking all reach significant level. They also have a significant relationship with imagination and challenge of “Williams Creativity Disposition Scale”. This study is the first essay which uses Experience-Sampling Method to investigate everyday creative performance in Taiwan, it also purifies that students’ everyday creativity can be measured by Experience-Sampling Method. We hope it would be a contribution to assessment and development of creativity. Finally, the study provides some suggestions for teaching guidance and future study.
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