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An Action Research On the Development of Tomodachi Cards and the Utilization of Tomodachi Cards in Group Guidance to Clarify the Value of Junior High Students' Friendship
The thesis is aimed to explore the development of tomodachi cards and to scrutinize the process where tomodachi cards are utilized to help junior high students with the values clarification of their friendship. The Japanese term tomodachi means’ friendship’ and is written as 友達 in Chinese character. The author of the paper takes the literal meaning of友達, the establishment of friendship, and creates tomodachi cards for values clarification of friendship. In the study, the subjects of the study, eight eighth-grade students participated in a ninety-minute group guidance once a week for eight consecutive weeks. The development of tomodachi cards and the conduct of group guidance are achieved through this action research. By analyzing group observational notes, self-reflections records of the author, audio recordings, interviews, and feedback from the participants, the author evaluates the functions of tomodachi cards in group guidance and the improvement of the subjects after participation. The results of this study shows that, first, three major activities are formed in correspondance with the stages in group development and in the formation of values clarification of friendship in this program. Second, it is appropriate to combine image-based cards with tomodachi cards in the values clarification group guidance of junior high students’ friendship. Third, there is flexibility in the dimensional classification and levels of tomodachi cards; the subjective definitions of friendship by the members in the program are respected. Additionally, if the group leaders are aware of his or her value-neutral position and create an atmosphere of safety and respect, it’s helpful for the group members to clarify the value of friendship. Moreover, tomodachi cards act as significant media in the group guidance to clarify the value of friendship. Furthermore, it is found that tomodachi-card group guidance exert positive influence on the participants involved. At the end of the thesis, the author provides suggestion for school counselors and future researchers on the basis of her findings in the study.
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