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Prevention against Fall Behavior and Investigation of Related Factors among Aged Citizens by Community Concern Station of Shihlin District of Taipei City
fall prevention behavior
This study is conducted by the community concern station mainly to find out the relationship of background of aged citizens, knowledge of fall prevention, health belief, self-efficacy, and social support to behavior. In addition, the study would also find out the important factors of prediction in concerning of prevention against fall behavior. The subjects of study are the aged citizens who take part in the activities by the community concern station of Shihlin District of Taipei City, and the total of them are 137 people. The tool of research is of the modified structural questionnaire with reference of domestic and oversea literatures and experts opinions. Besides, the information obtained is analyzed by t-test, pointed-biserial correlation, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, and multiple regression, and the results of study are found as follows: 1.For factors as power of balance, frequency of sport, and time of sport with regard to the personal background of the subject, prominent difference is found among them in terms of statistics, while there is no prominent difference for other factors. 2.It is found with prominent relationship between health belief and fall prevention behavior in the subjects of study, and the higher the total score of health belief for fall prevention the better the behavior for fall prevention will be. 3.It is found with prominent relationship among subjects of study the to support by important others, obtainment of information for fall prevention, participation of fall activity, and behavior of fall prevention, and the higher the total score the better the behavior for fall prevention will be. 4.It is found with prominent relationship between self-efficacy of fall prevention to fall prevention behavior, and the higher the total score of self-efficacy for fall prevention the better the behavior for fall prevention will be. 5.It is found with prominent relationship of knowledge for fall prevention to fall prevention behavior, and the higher the total score of knowledge for fall prevention the better the behavior for fall prevention will be. 6.For subjects of fall prevention, it is concluded that the aggregate of overall variance for health belief, support of important others, and self-efficacy should reach 35.7%.
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