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The content analysis of Media Reports on suicide and its influence on suicidal behavior to the significant auditors --- The example of suicide reporting on an entertainment celebrity
This study utilized the media suicide reporting guidelines by the World Health Organization to analysis reports of entertainment celebrity suicide by fourteen newspaper and ten television news channels. The questionnaire of the investigation of the effects of media reports on suicide by a celebrity was used on patients with 461 depressive disorder patients and 270 reported suicide attempters to analysis the content with quantity and quality. The major findings of this study were as follows： A. The suicide reports from the televisions and newspapers were against the guidelines by the World Health Organization. 1. The title writing such as suicide evens, suicide methods, or single suicide factor were presented on the front pages as a headlines or writing in big letters. 2. Detail the suicide attempter personal information and photography, and presenting the attempter and his suicide behaviour as a hero and heroic behaviour on the reports. 3. Over presenting the suicide attempter’s family and friends detail personal information and their photography with the expressing themselves on sorrowful and guilty emotion. 4. Presenting the suicide factor simplistically and simplex. 5. Encouraging the idea of suicide as a method of coping with personal problem. 6. Detail presenting the methods of suicide, processes, place and equipments. 7. Not providing the information of mental health education and professional helps. (1)Not providing the information of mental health service, and psychiatric institutions. (2)Not pointing out the precursor of suicide. (3)Not providing the resources for suicide attempter’s family to seek help for their needs. (4)Not providing the information about depressive disorder can be cured and patient’s needs for help. B. The influence of media reports on suicide by a celebrity to the specific groups such patients with depressive disorder or suicide attempters. 1. Enhancing or re-inducing the ill prognosis to patients with depressive disorder. 2. Inducing the suicidal behaviour, that includes initial suicide idea, suicide attempt, or inducing the suicide idea for the person who had this idea, or the person who has attempted suicide in the past. 3. Suicide attempter with depressive disorder, who had attempted suicide in 180 days after exposing in suicide media reports, is more likely to attempt suicide. 4. The statistics of suicide attempters record shows males more likely to be affected by the media reports and induce suicide idea. C. The questionnaire shows a list of effecters from the media suicide reports on an entertainment celebrity, which were provided by suicide attempters and patients with depressive disorder. 1. Learning, imitating, and believe suicide as a solution. 2. Learning suicide manners. 3. Feeling helpless of dealing problems, the prognosis of depressive illness, and treatment. 4. Believe that suicide is a brave behavior. 5. To give more attention from others by suicide. 6. Effecting on emotion and inducing the idea of suicide, or committing suicide. 7. Ppositive effecter: seeking medical help voluntarily. This study is a precursor research on the effects of media reports on suicide to the specific group. It provides a reference for the guides Improving media reporting of suicidal behavior suicidal behavior has not been investigated
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