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Conservation Process and Discourse on the Cultural Heritage of Military Dependents’ Village: A Case Study of Quemoy’s Villages in Zhonghe District, New Taipei City, Taiwan
conservation of cultural heritage
civil affairs military government
development history of Zhonghe district
military dependents’ village system of Quemoy
Military dependents’ village is a unique history product of Taiwan society. After the end of World War II and China civil war, the regime of Republic of China moved to Taiwan and then Cold War was presented in the form of long-term military confrontation between the strait. In order to settle down the mainland Chinese immigrants and take care of the dependents of frontline soldiers, the military dependents’ village policy with centralized management and clearly class began to held in Taiwan. Quemoy became the military frontline between Taiwan strait during the Cold War. In 1956 the implementation of “battleground administration”, Quemoy and Matsu area set up the civil affairs military government (C.A.M.G.). To take care of the military or public servants who served in the C.A.M.G. or county government at the frontline, C.A.M.G. began to purchase land and bulid the following 5 villages in Zhonghe district, Taipei county (now New Taipei city), Taiwan in the 1950s: Tai-Wu village, Fu-Xing village, Tai-Hu village, Wu-Jiang village and Jiu-Ru village. Since then, “five military dependents’ villages of Quemoy in Zhonghe” appeared, and developed its unique appearance. This thesis made the background and history study based on the basic data survey and villagers’ interviews. Then, due to the “assets of Kinmen county” factor, this thesis also made an analysis of 5 villages rebuilding process under the urban development and rebuilding policy. At tne end, since 3 buildings of Tai-Wu village was designated as municipal monument in May 2016, this paper also made a study by related cultural heritage laws and cases to bring out the suggestion of conservation and reuse for Tai-Wu village in the future. At the end, to summarize the significance of 5 villages of Quemoy in Zhonghe district and its heritage conservation: first, on the historical perspective, substance space of military dependents’ villages and its’ ethnic history were the witness for the history of Taiwan influenced by Cold War. Second, it was the product of ethnic culture changing, which was affected in the period of economy development and urban expanding. Last, as a cultural heritage, to carry out the multi-use of Tai-Wu village, it can start the conservation by rising the sense of space, recording the collective memories of villagers, empowering the right of culture. On the other hand, the “military dependents’ village system of Quemoy” can also be the extension concept for the future military dependents’ village study.
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