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Title: 自閉症兒童非語言溝通能力及與表達性詞彙發展關係研究
Other Titles: Nonverbal Communication Skills and Their Relationship with Expressive Vocabulary Development in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Authors: 鄒啟蓉
Chi-Zong Tsou
Issue Date: Nov-2015
Publisher: 國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系
National Taiwan Normal University Department of Special Education
Abstract: 本研究主要探討:一、自閉症兒童非語言溝通能力表現;二、非語言溝通能力及一般認知能力與表達性詞彙間的同時及預測相關性;三、哪些因素最能預測同時及六個月後的表達性詞彙發展。研究採用「嬰幼兒綜合發展測驗」、「早期社會溝通量表」及「華語嬰幼兒溝通發展量表」等蒐集資料,共有30位自閉症兒童參與,平均生理年齡為45.97個月,認知發展平均年齡為22.36個月,表達性詞彙數在施測第一個時間點的平均為115.67,在六個月後第二個時間點的平均為218.30。研究發現:一、自閉症兒童最常主動表現的非語言溝通功能是「主動做要求」,占所有主動溝通行為的64%,其次是低層次的「主動性共享式注意力」,占24%,再其次是高層次的「主動性共享式注意力」,占12%;二、三項非語言溝通功能「主動做要求」、「主動性共享式注意力」和「回應性共享式注意力」在控制生理年齡及認知發展年齡後,彼此沒有顯著相關性;三、最能預測時間點一表達性詞彙數的同時相關性因素是「回應性共享式注意力」及認知發展年齡,但當二者一齊考量時,僅「回應性共享式注意力」是時間點一詞彙數的顯著同時預測因素:四、最能預測六個月後表達性詞彙數的相關因素是「回應性共享式注意力」及認知發展年齡,且二者皆對六個月後詞彙的預測有顯著貢獻。本研究支持「回應性共享式注意力」及一般認知能力在自閉症兒童詞彙發展上的獨特影響,並認為應對不同非語言溝通功能和語言發展的關係進行更多的探討。
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between prelinguistic communication and language development in children with autism and focused on three main research questions: (1) the prelinguistic nonverbal communication skills of children with autism; (2) the concurrent and predictive relationships among prelinguistic communication skills, cognitive developmental age, and expressive vocabulary at Time 1 and Time 2 (6 months later); and (3) the best and significant predictors of expressive vocabulary at Time 1 and Time 2. Methods: Thirty children with autism spectrum disorders participated in this study. The average chronological age (CA) was 45.97 months, and the average cognitive mental age (MA) was 22.36 months. Three assessment tools were used in this study, namely the Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS), Taiwan Mandarin-Chinese version of the CDI, and the cognitive development subtest of a child development test battery for Taiwanese children. A combined expressive vocabulary inventory including all the words in the CDI-toddler form was used to avoid the ceiling effects of using only the infant form and the floor effect of using standardized language tests reported in previous studies. The average number of expressive vocabulary in the CDI-toddler form at Time 1 and Time 2 testing were 115.67 and 218.30, respectively. Results/Findings: (1) Of all spontaneous nonverbal communication behaviors during ESCS testing, 64% were initiating behavioral request (IBR), and 24% were lower-level initiating joint attention (IJA) behaviors using only eye contact or gaze alternation. Furthermore, 12% were higher-form IJA behaviors involving pointing, pointing combined with eye contact, or showing objects. (2) No concurrent correlations were found among IBR, IJA, and RJA (responding joint attention) after the influences of CA and cognitive MA were partialled out. (3) The correlation coefficients between cognitive MA and the expressive vocabulary at Time 1 and Time 2 were
Other Identifiers: E7A0FE90-BEF6-09CA-A7BC-8079242247C1
Appears in Collections:特殊教育研究學刊

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