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|Other Titles:||Taisho Democracy and Taiwanese Overseas Students in Japan|
Graduate Institute of Taiwan History
There is a general viewpoint that Taiwanese’ modern political movement launched in 1920s was affected by the wave of Taisho Democracy. However, what is the meaning of "Taisho Democracy"? What ideological trend spread in this period? How did it affect Taiwanese anti- colonial movement? There are few research results in related topics.This paper reviews the various thought trends in Taisho Democracy period, and discovers that the mainstream was a half-way liberalism and limited democracy which gave way to the Japanese imperialism and the emperor system. Strong critics on imperialism and expansion policy were regarded as radical. The conservative so called right wing, cared about the colonial questions and urged to improve colonial rule for keeping empire‘s territories. On the contrary, the socialist didn’t concern with colony topics attributed to the wrong judgment about success of the Russian Revolution, the rise of a mass movement in Japan, and believed that class revolution would be realized. Under this situation, Taiwanese students closed to the right-wing liberals and obtained ideological resources from them.Meanwhile, in Taisho Democratic period, the mass media criticized colonial oppression, focused on Korea, Manchuria and China, and paid little attention to Taiwan. The strategy from Taiwanese students was to maximize the cooperative objects. The left-wing chose internationalist route, interacted with Japanese, Koreans, the Philippines and the Indians in Asia, especially organized groups with anarchists, socialists from Korea and China. The right-wing also cooperated with the Koreans for publications. The trans-nation cooperative movements in 1920s are unimaginable and worthy for further study.
|Appears in Collections:||師大台灣史學報|
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