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|Other Titles:||Orchid Island from ＂Batan Cultural Sphere＂ to ＂Imperial Territorial Sphere＂|
Graduate Institute of Taiwan History
Present studies on Orchid Island and the Tao people mostly focus on anthropology and ethnology and mainly deal with the post-war period. There is a lack of studies focusing on history and the period before the war. On the other hand, since the period of Japanese rule there have been scholars putting forward evidence that the Tao people on Orchid Island and the Ivatan people on Batan Island were closely related. In recent years, as exchanges between the two places have become increasingly frequent, regional studies tracing or reconstructing the cross-border ethnic groups are rising. Therefore, this study aims to discuss from a different perspective how Orchid Island, which used to have frequent exchanges with Batan, was transformed into the present common understanding that Orchid Island belongs to Taiwan. After the Age of Discovery began, explorers from various countries followed the Kuroshio current and ＂discovered＂ Taiwan and Orchid Island. It was not until the period of Dutch rule that historical records relating to the Tao people appeared. The following hegemony, the Qing Dynasty, exerted only nominal power over Orchid Island. Orchid Island did not formally belong to Taiwan until 1895, when Japan took over control Taiwan. In addition, the Tao people passed down history and experience orally. Since the invention of written words, the writing of history has been controlled by groups with written language and power. Therefore, by making use of Tao oral legends and foreign documents, such as De Dagregisters van het Kasteel Zeelandia, Degh-Register gehouden int Costell Batavia, Chronicles of the Qing Dynasty, travel notes and studies by western explorers, related studies in the period of Japanese rule, and maps from different periods, this study attempts to construct the process of how Orchid Island and the Tao, who shared similar culture and language with the Ivatan on Batan and previously did not belong to Taiwan, were moved from the original ＂Batan Cultural Spher
|Appears in Collections:||師大台灣史學報|
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