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The Study on Construction of Strategy and Assessment Indicators for Promoting Exercise of Aging People
The purpose of this study was to compare the physical activity policies and programs for older adults between Taiwan and Finland, with a theoretical underpinning of social ecology theory to further analyze their strengths and weaknesses. A successful Active Aging physical activity program of Finland was used as a reference model to propose a physical activity promotion strategy suitable for older Taiwanese for their aging in place.Methods of policy analysis and focus groups were used to analyze the current physical activity policies and programs for older adults in Taiwan, along with an experiential case study of Strength in Old Age in the model city of Jyvaskyla, Finland. The framework of social ecology model was applied to weave the whole study.Results of this study were as follows:1. Development of Taiwan’s physical activity programs for older adults is at the beginning stage and needs the government to draw up a direction of policies and enforce the related laws and promote a variety of programs.2. The successful Active Aging experience of Finland was found to be a sound model of older adults physical activity program which was in line with the social ecological model.3. The research provides strategies to improve physical activity promotion for the aging in Taiwan as follows:(1) Draw up the appropriate policies and legislation related to physical activity for older Taiwanese. (2) Conduct multisectorial cooperation to develop practical physical activity promotion programs for older Taiwanese. Developing multi-professional network to promote senior citizens’ physical activity program.(3) Set up the research and development institutions of older adults and physical activity.(4) Create an aging-friendly and interacting exercise environments and services.(5) Enhance the knowledge, skills and information service for facilitating older adults’ physical activity experience.As a whole, Social-ecology theory is appropriate for analyzing and developing strategies to improve physical activity promotion, and the policies and programs of Finland‘s physical activity are truly worthy of Taiwan‘s attention.
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