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A Comparative Study of the Level of Fatigue, Exercise Behavior and Cardiopulmonary Fitness of Female Primary School Teachers
Purpose: To compare the different levels of fatigue of primary school female teachers with exercise behavior and cardiopulmonary fitness; and hence to investigate the correlation among the level of fatigue, exercise behavior, and cardiopulmonary fitness. Methods: Primary school teachers from 40 randomly selected schools in Taipei City were taken as research subjects. 10~30 copies of Chinese version of Checklist Individual Strength Questionnaire (CIS) were distributed to each school according to its scale. A total of 800 copies were handded out and 733 valid samples were derived. Based on the result of CIS, 94 female teachers, using purposive sampling, (36 from the fatigue group, CIS ＞ 76, and 58 from the non-fatigue group, CIS ≦ 76) were then asked to fill out a questionnaire on exercise behavior as well as to carry out a six-minute walk test to evaluate their physical activity and their cardiopulmonary fitness. The collected data was compared and analyzed by independent-samples test, and Pearson's Correlation. Results: (1) The exercise behavior of female teachers from various fatigue groups was different (p ＜ .05). The exercise behavior of the non-fatigue group (M = 12.31) was significantly higher than that of the fatigue group (M = 9.75). (2) The cardiopulmonary fitness of female teachers from various fatigue groups was different (p ＜ .05). The cardiopulmonary fitness of the non-fatigue group (M = 710.10 m) was significantly higher than that of the fatigue group (M = 678.20 m). (3) The level of fatigue was negatively correlated to exercise behaviors and cardiopulmonary fitness (p ＜ .05) whereas exercise behavior was positively correlated to cardiopulmonary fitness (p ＜ .05). Conclusions: The female elementary school teachers who have higher physical activity or those with better cardiopulmonary fitness are less prone to fatigue; level of fatigue is related to exercise behavior and cardiopulmonary fitness.
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