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Title: 文化回應的檳榔防制教學之行動研究
Authors: 李雪菱
Shiue-Ling Lee
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: 教育研究與評鑑中心
Center for Educational Research and Evaluation
Abstract: 在此研究進行之前,國內外未曾有文化回應的檳榔防制教學研究。為了探究主流檳榔防制教育的難題,並發展回應檳榔栽種區文化的檳榔防制教學,本研究在行動研究的循環歷程中,傾聽檳榔栽種區小學三、四年級學童的生活經驗與受教經驗、進行田野工作,並促成了兒童社區劇場、巡迴演出及社區耆老座談。學校教育應是提升學童文化資本、促成學童階級向上流動的途徑,然而,主流檳榔防制教育較為單面向地傳輸健康風險與污名化的論述,可能使學童在食用檳榔前多一層阻嚇力,卻不足以讓學童在豐富的生活經驗中解套。研究發現,檳榔栽種區低家庭資本的學童,易受環境與同儕示範影響而陷入「身不由己」的兒童貧窮處境;然而,家長的身教言教有助於學童擁有說出「我長大不會嚼檳榔」的自信。此外,忽視學童文化差異易造成學童的學習阻礙,否認學童家庭社會資本也易使學童產生異化感。本研究結合並反思主流檳榔防制教材,回應學童文化的教學行動包括:在理解與陪伴中提昇學童學校文化資本以間接帶動學童家庭文化資本,以及,善用同儕力量,肯認並提升學童家庭社會資本等。
To date, there has been no literature published concerning the application of culturally responsive teaching to prevention of areca nut chewing. In order to examine the obstacles to the mainstream preventive education and pioneer culturally responsive teaching on areca nut chewing, the researcher of this paper attempted, through repeated action research, to record the individual and educational experiences with third and fourth graders on areca nut plantations, conduct the fieldwork, establish the applied theater and tour the theatrical company, and organize gatherings of elderly people in local communities and schools.School education is meant to augment school-age children’s cultural capital and to be the way that increases social mobility. However, the fact that current areca nut preventive education is limited to the threat to health and stigmatization may well act as a deterrent to schoolchildren before they chew it. It is not sufficient to release them from addiction in real life. The research found that the impoverished children in areca nut plantations are potentially subject to environmental and peer influence, and become involuntary addicts. The parental teaching by words and by examples may develop schoolchildren’s confidence to say “I won’t chew areca nut when I grow up.” Furthermore, disregard of the children's cultural diversity may cause an impediment to their learning behaviors, and denial of their family social capital can stimulate a sense of alienation from schooling. To conclude, this research re-examines the mainstream preventive education on areca nut chewing, and further introduces culturally responsive teaching, which is intended to raise school’s cultural capital along with school-age children’s family cultural capital, providing shared understanding and constant companionship, and develop the strong capacity of the peer group to recognize and to that end to increase children’s family social capital.
Other Identifiers: A030A9B9-560F-8189-98D5-93BCEC21D4F4
Appears in Collections:當代教育研究

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