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Cultural Contexts of Travel Writings during the Japanese Colonial Rule: How GIS Benefits the Expansion of Studies in Travel Literature
|Abstract:||旅遊具空間移動的特性，遊記呈現作者與時空情境的關聯。台灣日治時期遊記的研 究包涵風土再現、記憶及認同、帝國與殖民心理機制、飄泊與離散等概念，呈現跨領域 的延展性。因遊記牽涉移動所引發的文化差異觀察及論述，且常藉由刊物的登載而傳播 至知識階層，故頗具研究價值。資料庫提供旅遊文學研究者豐盈的素材，因而易於發掘 新議題，並有助於探索的深化。又藉由空間資訊的分析，常激發人文研究者拓展跨領域 的視野。研究方法以兩大面向為主：（一）文本空間的數位交叉比較；（二）開發旅遊 文學圖資系統。應用空間資訊系統比較文本的共性與殊性，藉此得知台灣日治時期聚落 或地貌的演變，並與遊記的文字敘事相映比較，再現文學地理的脈絡意義。至於開放性 的圖資系統，則提供人文領域研究者分析文本的外緣背景與文本空間性比較之用。期望 文學地理資訊系統(LGIS)的建置與應用，將具體影響旅遊文學研究的面向。|
Traveling implicates spatial movement, and travel writings represents the affiliation between the writers and the background of their traveling regarding time and space. Researches on travel writings in Taiwan during the Japanese Colonial Rule encompass various concepts, including representations of customs, memory and affirmation, psychological interactions between the Imperial and the colonized, driftiness and diaspora. The scope of researches is interdisciplinary and full of possibility for future expansions. Travel writings are related to observations on cultural differences and discourses on related themes through movement across time and space. They are also worthy of further researches due to the nature of being the media of propagating knowledge to the intellectual via publications. Databases provide abundant materials for researches on travel literature, and they also serve as a convenient tool on the discovery of new issues and facilitation of a more in-depth exploration on cultures. For researchers in humanities, databases also afford broader and newer scopes into interdisciplinary studies. The methodology of this paper includes the following two trajectories. The first is to cross-reference the spatial data and the text concerning space in the literary works, and the second is to create a spatial info-system within travel writings. The application of information system in comparative literature will elucidate the evolutionary course of settlements or geographical transformations in Taiwan during the Japanese Colonial Rule. The results can be utilized to compare with the narratives in travel writings and in turns represent the meaning of the geographical contexts. As for the open-sourced GIS, it provides researchers in Humanities an alternative route into textual analysis in order to find external relations between the texts and its background, which then yields constructive comparisons between the two. The construction of LGIS (Literary Geographic Information System) and its applications will have substantial influences on the researches in travel writings.
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