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Minnan Version of Determining Scale Descriptors of the Interview Questionnaire of WHOQOL
This study aimed to determine appropriate scale descriptors for the interview version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL) for Minnan-speaking people living in Taiwan. The WHOQOL consists of 4 kinds of response scales: capacity, evaluation, frequency and intensity. Each response scale has 5 ordinal descriptors including 2 anchors for extreme level responses and 3 intermediates. Two anchors were first determined based on the results of interviews and experts' opinions. A total of 242 adults were recruited throughout Taiwan to finally determine appropriate intermediates based on mean and standard deviation. Interviewers used tape players to ask them to place each descriptor on a 20 cm line according to where they think each descriptor lies in relation to the 2 anchors. Five appropriate Minnan descriptors were "Not at all", "A little", "Moderately", "Mostly", and "Completely" for capacity; "Very dissatisfied", "Dissatisfied", "Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied", "Satisfied", and "Very satisfied" for one of the evaluations; "Very poor", "Poor", "Neither good nor poor", "Good", and "Very good" for the other evaluation; "Never", "Seldom", "Quite often", "Very often", and "Always" for frequency; and "Not at all", "Slightly", "Moderately", "Very", and "Extremely" for intensity. These selected descriptors not only establish the foundation for the interview version of WHOQOL but also have high potential to be used in any other questionnaires for Minnan-speaking people living in Taiwan, China, or elsewhere.
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