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Vocational Supplementary Schools in Taiwan during the Japanese Occupation
The New Education Rescript of 1922 established vocational supplementary schools were established in Taiwan.They were categorized as institutes of vocational education and became an altemative to secondary education for students after completing common schools and elementary schools.Because the study period and curriculum were flexible and the qualification of the founding personnel was not strictly regulated,these schools were rather popular in Taiwan.There were schools of agriculture,schools of commerce and industry,as well as girls schools devoted to home economics.After 1935,while such supplementary schools were abolished in Japan,they survived in Taiwan prosperously.The Taiwan Govemor-General expected to indoctrinate Taiwanese youth through these two to three year,stable educational institutions.However,Taiwanese saw these schools as ladders to higher education.Therefore,vocational supplementary schools were very important institutions for entering higher education and represented the desire for education among the Taiwanese.Compared to the graduates of common schools,the graduates of these vocational schools had more chances to change their career from being farmers to having greater achievements in society.
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