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Title: 從戶基護航網絡與代間連帶探討台灣代間支持之演變與現狀(NSC96-2412-H468-002-MY2)
Authors: 國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2009
Abstract: 本研究以「臺灣地區社會變遷基本調查計畫」2001 年之第四期第二次以及2006 年之第五期第二次調查「家庭組問卷」之資料,針對成年子女之觀點,以代間關係中的「聯絡」與「支持」兩個行為面向,選取代間「聯絡、給錢、得錢、給勞務支持、得勞務支持」五項指標,以潛在類型分析(Latent Class Analysis)探討臺灣家庭之代間互動類型,並探討代間家庭結構、資源及規範對互動類型的影響。研究發現:台灣家庭之代間互動類型分為「緊密-孝親型」、「緊密-依賴型」、「責任型」與「疏離型」四個類型,成年子女與父母之代間互動類型隨其生命階段而發展。規範與資源確實影響代間互動類型,當子女的孝道規範認知越高,且個人的資源越多,代間互動類型越可能成為「緊密-孝親型」及「責任型」,反之資源較少者傾向為「緊密-依賴型」,規範與代間互動行為之關聯,確實受到資源條件的影響與限制。
This study uses data from the 2006 Taiwan Social Change Survey to examine the impact of parent-child proximity on intergenerational support exchanges. We have grouped living arrangement into three types: living with parents, living in a 30-minute ride, and living beyond a 30-minute ride. Empirical results shows that those who live with parents provide more instrumental but less financial support to parents than the other two groups who live apart from parents. Since there were no substantial differences between the two groups who live apart from parents, the results were to certain extent closer to Sussman’’s argument on autonomous nuclear family, but differed in high proportions of support provided to parents. The high proportions of support reflect a mixed result due to the impact of geographic distance and the persistence of a strong familism. Technological advancements not only reduces the deterrent effect of geographic distance on tasks that do not require physical presence, but also makes a strong familism being able to mobilize a high proportion of irregular support to parents. Overall speaking, intergenerational supports are affected by parent-child proximity, task nature, exchange direction, personal traits, and social norm.
Other Identifiers: ntnulib_tp_A0309_04_020
Appears in Collections:教師著作

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