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During the Cold War in East Asia, Taiwan and Korea both belonged to the anticommunist camp against the communist China and North Korea. For the Taiwanese and the Korean governments, anti-communism and the related policies were not only the core ideology of state-building but also important governing tools. It is believed that through school education, the two governments created the specific images of the Communist Party and communist countries, and utilized the images to build the anti-communist ideology in their people. As a result, in Taiwan as well as in the Korean society, the general public rejects the Communist Party or communist regime not only in political practice but also from the emotional aspect. The dense anti-communist atmosphere in politics and societies made the two governments solid allies against communism during the Cold War and had the Taiwanese and Korean people share a similar anti-communist sentiment, resulting in the special "anti-communist community" of East Asia. The study focuses on the implementation of anti-communist education in Taiwan and in Korea and analyzes the elementary school textbooks from both countries to illustrate how anti-communist education created the specific images of the Communist Party and communist countries and how were the images used to plant the anti-communist ideology in the mind of the people.
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