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Title: 學齡前兒童零食攝取現況與父母對零食攝取之態度行為
Other Titles: Snacks Intake Status of Preschool Children and Parental Attitudes and Behaviors for Snacks Intake
Authors: 嚴金恩
Hui-Yu Wang
Issue Date: Jun-2012
Publisher: 國立台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
Abstract: 目的:許多研究發現越來越多孩童有攝取零食的習慣,在臺灣學齡前兒童零食攝取習慣未廣泛研究,本研究目的為探討學齡前兒童零食攝取狀況,以及父母對孩童攝取零食的態度行為。方法:本研究以隨機方式抽樣大臺中地區五所幼兒園4到6歲的學齡前兒童為研究對象,由家長或主要照顧者填寫問卷。結果:本研究共有162位學齡前兒童參加,89%的學齡前兒童平常有吃零食的習慣:學齡前兒童喜好的零食排行,前三名分別為海苔(84%)、餅乾和布丁(81%)、乳酸飲料(79%);學齡前兒童零食攝取頻率最高的為餅乾,其次為加工乳製品與軟糖;母親教育程度越高,其孩童有攝取零食習慣的比例越低;本研究結果顯示,平時有攝取零食的父母,其孩子也有攝取零食的習慣;認為孩子可以攝取零食的父母,其孩子也有攝取零食的習慣。結論:學齡前兒童普遍有攝取零食的習慣,平常會攝取零食的父母,其孩童也有攝取零食的習慣,父母必須以身作則,減少攝取以及提供幼兒高油、高糖、高鹽、高熱量的垃圾食物。
Purpose: There are many studies found that there are more and more school-age children ea ting snacks. However, the condition of preschool children's snack-eating habits is not complete investigation. The aim of this study was to investigate the snack-eating habits of preschool children and the relationship with parental attitude. Methods: The study subjects were recruited from five kindergartens in Taichung City. The questionnaires are filled by their parents or guardians. A total of 162 preschool children (ages 4-6 years) were participation in this study. Results: The result of this study showed that 89% children are used to eating snacks. The children's favorite top three snacks were dried seaweed (84%), cookie and pudding (81%) and yogurt drinks (79%). The largest snacks intake frequency of preschool children is cookies, process dairy product and soft candy in sequence. The higher of mother's educational levels, the lower of their children intake snacks. The result of this study showed that parents used to eat snacks, their children also snack-eating habits. Parents consent their children to eat snacks, their children also snack-eating habits. Conclusion: Our study indicated that the preschool children generally exhibited snacks intake habits. Parents should establish good dietary habits and behaviors of own and their children. Furthermore, parents should provide more fresh and healthy food and keep the junk food with high-sugar, high-salt, and high-fat away from children to maintain healthy development.
Other Identifiers: B6B255E2-AAB2-CC9E-FEA5-6AF18FE93353
Appears in Collections:健康促進與衛生教育學報

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