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|Other Titles:||The Effects of Social Capital and Individual Characteristics on Individual Mental Health: A Multilevel Study|
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the trend of mental health between 2005 and 2010, and to explore the effects of social capital and individual characteristics on individual minor psychiatric disorders and happiness in 2010.Methods: Nationally representative data from Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) consisted of 2,144 respondents in 2005 and 1,804 respondents in 80 neighborhoods in 20 I O. Two-sample test for proportions, independent sample t-test, bivariate analysis, multilevel logistic and linear regression were used to analyze the data.Psychiatric disorders and happiness were measured respectively by Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ) and perception of subjective happiness. Results: The rates of mental health were not significantly changed in the 5 years. For the general public,the prevalence ofpsychiatric disorders was about 25% and self-perceived happiness was high. The results found in all of social capital variables, only the perception of interpersonal interaction was significantly associated with mental disorders, while neighborhood-level civic participation attitudes and all of individual-level social capital would predict individual happiness. Gender, self-rated health and smoking were also strongly correlated with the positive and the negative state of mind. Conclusions: The effects of social capital on happiness were more significant than that on minor psychiatric disorders among the general public. As for the preventive strategy, the results suggest the different content of propaganda should be adopted based on gender. Programs concerned about building friendly social environment to reduce high levels of mental disorders, focusing on socio-economic deprived neighborhoods should be prior to general neighborhoods.
|Appears in Collections:||健康促進與衛生教育學報|
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