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|Other Titles:||The Controversy over H. Rugg's Textbooks|
Department od Education, NTNU
Social reconstructionism was an important movement in the development of American social studies curricula, and Harold Rugg was its main founder. During the early 1920s Rugg began developing an experimental social studies textbook. After its first trial edition had become popular in some areas of America, Rugg decided to issue it in a commercial edition in 1929, and in the following decade the entire Rugg textbook series was adopted by many school districts. Because Rugg's books were organized around key current issues or problems confronting American society, the extreme conservatives began to attack him and his “socialistic” books. Consequently, some school districts decided to move his books off the bookshelves, and some schools even burned them. Patriotic groups like the American Legion joined the attack against Rugg. After this controversy, Rugg's textbooks rapidly disappeared. The aim of this paper is to describe the historical process of this controversy over Rugg's textbooks series. Finally, some reflections on this controversy are proposed.
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究集刊|
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